MANIFESTATION OF SYMPTOMS IN THE ORAL CAVITY IN PATIENTS WITH TUBERCULOSIS INFECTION

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Burxonova Zarafruz Qobilovna
Baxtiyorov Mirjalol Azamatovich

Abstract

According to the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan, in 2013 the incidence of tuberculosis in 2013 was 66 cases per 100 thousand people, and the death rate was just over 12 cases per 100 thousand. population). Men in all regions suffer from tuberculosis 3.2 times more often than women, while the rate of increase in the incidence in men is 2.5 times higher than in women. The most affected are persons aged 20–29 and 30–39 years. At the same time, among the permanent population, there is an increase in the incidence of tuberculosis associated with HIV infection (2009 - 4.4; 2011 - 5.6; 2012 - 5.9 per 100 thousand population) [1, 4, ]. Tuberculosis is the second leading cause of death from any single infectious agent, behind only HIV/AIDS. In 2013, 9 million people fell ill with TB and 1.5 million people died from the disease. The problem remains the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in the institutions of the penitentiary system. Today, 35,000 tuberculosis patients are kept in the institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service. Every year more than 4,000 TB patients are detected at the level of pre-trial detention centers. In 2013, an estimated 480,000 people worldwide developed multidrug-resistant TB. The number of people who fall ill with tuberculosis every year is decreasing, albeit very slowly. For the period from 1990 to 2013. mortality from tuberculosis decreased by 45% [2, 4].

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