BIOECOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF HIGHER WATER PLANTS IN THE WATER BODIES OF THE SOUTHERN ARAL SEA REGION

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T. K. Matjanov

Abstract

The lowering of the Aral Sea level affected the entire hydrographic net of the Amudarya delta. This was especially reflected in coastal water bodies, which are located along the southern coast of the sea and the sea bays of the former coast of the Aral Sea. The deterioration of the hydrological regime and the increase in water salinity led to a qualitative and quantitative change in the phytocenoses of water bodies. Here a change of plant communities takes place. The change in the species composition mainly occurs due to the increase in hydrohalophilic species. Therefore, the study and monitoring of the current state of higher water plants, species composition and overgrowth of water bodies in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya by them is relevant.

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