Web of Scientist: International Scientific Research Journal https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos <p><strong>Web of Scientist: International Scientific Research Journal (WoS)</strong> is an international scholarly peer reviewed multidisciplinary Journal. Web of Scientist is a double blind peer reviewed scientific journal which publishes monthly. Authors are requested to submit their original research in the areas of science and technology to WoS. Web of Scientist is taking efforts to maintain the quality of the published papers though the support of the editorial and reviewers team with the members from all over world. The International Scientific Journal, Web of Scientist is providing the platforms to the researchers to publish the original research in multidisciplinary areas. The journal is indexed in the reputable international databases.</p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> 2776-0979</p> <p><strong>Impact Factor:</strong> 7.565</p> <p>The scope of the journal is not limited to-</p> <ul> <li>Physical Sciences</li> <li>Biological Sciences</li> <li>Chemical Sciences</li> <li>Engineering and Technology</li> <li>Food Sciences</li> <li>Forensic Science</li> <li>Physical Sciences</li> </ul> <p>Important information of the Journal:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Frequency: </strong>12 issues per Year</li> <li><strong>International License: </strong> CC BY</li> <li><strong>Acceptance Status :</strong> 1-2 weeks</li> <li><strong>Publication Period :</strong> 1-2 weeks</li> </ul> Academia Science Publishing en-US Web of Scientist: International Scientific Research Journal 2776-0979 NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1444 <p>This article discusses the possibilities of developing nanotechnologies in medicine in Uzbekistan, the process of developing information technologies in medicine and the formation of the science of medical informatics.</p> Irina Baymuratova Erkin Bozorov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 3 5 1 3 10.17605/OSF.IO/BJW4K HOW TO DEVELOP CRITICAL THINKING IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1445 <p>It is better to use children in a daily family environment rather than at school, because the best things in learning happen naturally. It is the development of curiosity and observation skills. If you go to the zoo and ask your child, "What did you like, what did you see?" if you ask him and he can't give you a detailed answer, it means that his brain doesn't remember the new situations you want. There are also adults who do not have the ability to draw conclusions. In a relationship with a team, a leader, a spouse, money, we all experience the same thing. The same thing happens over and over again, and we don't know what to change.</p> Jumanova Fatima Uralovna Sayupova Aziza Mirzabekovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 3 5 4 6 10.17605/OSF.IO/7J63Y MODERN EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING STAGE SPEECH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1446 <p>The article deals with the modern European experience in the teaching of stage speech. Contemporary research on stage speech is interdisciplinary. The article shows the model of scientific and interdisciplinary research on stage speech and its impact on, or relationship to, teaching. The balance between science and art and between theory and practice is shown. This article presents current methods of stage speech research and the relationship to modern teaching methods.</p> Umarova Dildora Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 3 5 7 11 10.17605/OSF.IO/C3DSP COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF VARIOUS FORMS OF CHRONIC CHRONIC NEPHRITIC SYNDROME IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1447 <p>Diseases of the urinary system, according to WHO, currently occupy the 2nd place among the main forms of pathology characteristic of childhood. In the structure of kidney diseases in children hospitalized in the nephrology department, nephritic syndrome ranks second. The disease, which began in children, often continues into adulthood, which leads to a decrease in the quality of life, can cause disability, and sometimes dramatic outcomes. The urgency of the problem of chronic glomerulonephritis is explained not by the prevalence of the disease, but by the course of the disease and the development of renal failure. Chronic nephritic syndrome is one of the severe kidney diseases in children, which is characterized by the frequent development of complications and the progression of the course of the disease. The course of chronic nephritic syndrome depends on various forms of the disease and the clinical characteristics determine the prognosis of the disease.</p> Bazarova Nigina Sobirjonovna Ziyadullaev Shukhrat Khudoyberdievich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 3 5 12 17 10.17605/OSF.IO/P2BZX DIPLOMATIC DISCOURSE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1454 <p>This article aims to reveal the peculiarities of diplomatic discourse through linguistic analysis of political texts</p> Khamrakulova Ravshanoy Abdulakhatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 3 5 18 22 10.17605/OSF.IO/GFMB6 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN MEDICINE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1455 <p>The article analyzes the influence of artificial intelligence and its introduction into medicine. We study the history of the emergence of artificial intelligence from the beginning of the experiments of the 50s. Describes the developed products from popular companies. Such as: Ada, Sense.ly, QTrobot, IBM Watson. The article shows how these products help doctors and patients in difficult situations, what actions the program produces when used. With the help of such products, the time and technical costs of obtaining results are reduced.</p> Nabieva Farangiz Sadriddinovna Rayimova Fariza Salimovna Abdusamadov Bobur Abdusamat Ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 3 5 23 27 10.17605/OSF.IO/M589K FACTORS THAT SHAPE OUR NATIONAL PRIDE IN THE MINDS OF STUDENTS IN EXTRACURRICULAR READING CLASSES IN THE PRIMARY GRADES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1456 <p>This The article presents the methods used by primary school students in extracurricular reading lessons, recommendations for educating students in national pride through representatives of folklore.</p> Muhabbat Abdurahimova Allayevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 28 33 10.17605/OSF.IO/EK7G9 LI INVARIANT FUNCTIONS OF THE GROUP https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1457 <p>This thesis presents a reference on gruppes, Li gruppes and invariant functions. The invariant function of one-parameter Li Gruppe is found.</p> Norqoziyev N. N. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 34 36 10.17605/OSF.IO/KZFXD MEDIA ECOLOGY AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES IN MODERN SOCIETY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1458 <p>This article describes the main features of the Internet media ecology, the transition from media technologies to media ecology, reveals its impact on the ecosystem of society.</p> Isayeva Dilbar Abdukadirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 37 42 10.17605/OSF.IO/TYCA2 ATTITUDE TO HUMAN DIGNITY IN THE PERIOD OF AMIR TEMUR AND TEMURIDS DYNASTY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1459 <p>In the article, during the reign of Amir Temur and the Temurids, the well-being of the citizen and his peace were always the main issue. It is said that Amir Temur not only struggled to turn the society in which he lived into the most mature social system, to build a prosperous life, but also believed that these ideas would be celebrated all over the world. The main condition for governing the reign of Timur was the recognition of the supremacy of law over all actions and the creation of its basic rules.</p> Shodiyev Jahongir Jurakulovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 43 47 10.17605/OSF.IO/YQR5K THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF FOOD SAFETY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1460 <p>This article examines the theoretical foundations of food safety. Food safety is also a very broad concept, based primarily on the need to meet the needs of the population with consumer goods in accordance with physiological norms. In addition, conclusions and recommendations on the theoretical basis of food safety are provided.</p> Bobir Tursunov Sherali Namozov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 48 53 10.17605/OSF.IO/KQHXG HISTORY OF TELEVISION AND RADIO IN KARAKALPAKSTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1461 <p>This article provides information on the history of television and radio in Karakalpakstan. The concept of television was the work of many individuals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots initially starting from back even in the 18th century. The first practical transmissions of moving images over a radio system used mechanical rotating perforated disks to scan a scene into a time-varying signal that could be reconstructed at a receiver back into an approximation of the original image. Development of television was interrupted by the Second World War. After the end of the war, all-electronic methods of scanning and displaying images became standard. Several different standards for addition of color to transmitted images were developed with different regions using technically incompatible signal standards. Television broadcasting expanded rapidly after World War II, becoming an important mass medium for advertising, propaganda, and entertainment.</p> Bazarbaeva Anar G'ayratdin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 54 56 10.17605/OSF.IO/HX5JR RECONSTRUCTION OF INVERSION EVENT FUNCTIONALITY IN TRANSLATION DISCURSE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1462 <p>The art of translation is a difficult and at the same time an honorable job.</p> N. F. Qosimova Baratova Nargiza Bahodirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 57 60 10.17605/OSF.IO/W56UN REVIEW OF TITLES IN CENTRAL ASIAN HELLINISTIC SOURCES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1463 <p>The article covers the names of the Hellenistic states of Central Asia through numismatic and written sources, the name of the ruler, the title he adopted, the image of the ruler, the time of his accession to the throne and religious views through numismatic sources. The article used historical comparative, critical, logical and chronological, semantic and pragmatic methods of analysis. The difficulty in studying these titles is the lack of data. In the article, the titles of the Hellenistic period were studied on the basis of more numismatic sources.</p> Shaymardanov Azamat Zokirovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 3 5 61 65 10.17605/OSF.IO/8A7PX USING MULTIMEDIA TOOLS TO VISUALIZE THE ACTIONS OF YOUNG GRECO-ROMAN WRESTLERS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1464 <p>The training process of young Greco-Roman wrestlers should be based on the widespread use of multimedia technologies, computer modeling, interactive methods, the use of which actualizes the problem of visual methods in the modern system of training and training at a new stage of scientific understanding. The use of multimedia tools is recognized as necessary and in demand in the training process of young athletes, and although they cannot and should not completely replace the coach, at the same time their use in training allows you to present the elements of the mastered technique in more detail, see your own performance errors on the screen, correlate your technique with the technique of the reference group.</p> F.Miraxmedov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 3 5 66 72 10.17605/OSF.IO/ZBYM5 A MODERN APPROACH TO RISK STRATIFICATION IN PATIENTS WITH HEART FAILURE WITH PRESERVED AND REDUCED EJECTION FRACTION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1465 <p>A comparative analysis of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction was carried out. 69 patients with heart failure FC III–IV according to NYHA were examined. In the group of chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (40% of patients), women predominate, older people with a significantly higher body mass index, suffering from diabetes mellitus, anemia. In these patients, creatinine and cholesterol levels are significantly higher, and hemoglobin levels are significantly lower than in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Key words: chronic heart failure, preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular systolic dysfunction.</p> Samadova Nigina Alisherovna Madjidova Gulbahor Tolibovna Yaxyoev Azim Akmalovich Melikov Ulug'bek Shavkatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 3 5 73 81 10.17605/OSF.IO/DW2AE FEATURES OF THE CLINICAL COURSE OF UNSTABLE ANGINA ON THE BACKGROUND OF COPD https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1466 <p>Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common respiratory diseases. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization, by 2022 COPD will take the 5th place in terms of incidence and the 3rd place in the structure of mortality among all diseases [2; 3]. It is also noteworthy that, according to the findings of a systematic analysis of mortality from 235 causes worldwide, published in 2015 [2], COPD entered the top three leading nosologies in terms of the number of deaths already in 2017, and is second only to diseases of the heart and blood vessels (ischemic disease heart - coronary artery disease, and acute cerebrovascular accident - stroke).</p> Samadova Nigina Alisherovna Madjidova Gulbahor Tolibovna Xaydarova Dilrabo Davronovna Xudoynazarov Daler Anvar O'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 3 5 82 86 10.17605/OSF.IO/XHY5T THE RESEARCH OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE COLLOID PHASE CONTENT AND RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DRILLING FLUIDS WHEN OPENING WEAKLY LITHIFIED CLAYS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1467 <p>The test was carried out using a pre-formulated clay-free water-based drilling fluid subjected to an artificial increase in the concentration of the clay phase. Based on the measurements, a coefficient was derived that determines the rate of contamination of the solution, which makes it possible to determine the value of the "critical" value of the plastic viscosity of the system, which is characterized by an increase in adhesive properties. The above technique can be used in most modern "conditionally clay-free" water-based drilling fluids.</p> Ozoda Abdullayevna Salikhova Matkarimova Nigora Sagdullayevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 3 5 87 90 10.17605/OSF.IO/4WXAM A LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF GENOCIDE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1468 <p>This article deals with the scientific and legal research of Babur scholars from Japan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and other countries based on the work of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur "Boburnoma".</p> Sobirov Jamshidbek Zokirjon Ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 3 5 91 93 10.17605/OSF.IO/6ZBJM THE PECULIAR COMPLEXITY OF TRANSLATING UZBEK CLASSICAL POETRY INTO ENGLISH (BASED ON THE ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF NAVOI'S GHAZALS) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1469 <p>The introductory part of this article of this deals with clarifyig peculiarities of literary translation.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Olimova D. Z. Turaeva Z A Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 3 5 94 97 10.17605/OSF.IO/52AEX ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE FERGANA VALLEY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1470 <p>This scientific article deals with the archeological riches of the ancient Fergana Valley. Extensively covered in scientific terms.</p> Abduvaliev Khurshidbek Ravshanovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 3 5 98 105 10.17605/OSF.IO/B8VZU TRANSFORMATION OF UZBEKISTAN INTO A FRONT ARSENAL DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1471 <p>The article describes the transformation of Uzbekistan into a front arsenal of the former USSR during the Second World War, the worthy contribution of industrial workers to the victory over German fascism and Japanese militarism in the war.</p> Atabaeva Nigora Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 3 5 106 110 10.17605/OSF.IO/YW9A3 CATION-EXCHANGE RESIN FOR WASTE WATER TREATMENT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1472 <p>The value of the static exchange capacity for calcium, magnesium, copper, nickel, and cobalt ions was calculated for ion exchanger samples in contact with a solution of calcium, copper, nickel, and cobalt salt and a model solution for seven days. The conditions for the phosphorylation of this polymer were selected from the experiments accumulated in relation to the phosphorylation reactions of low- and high-molecular compounds.</p> Usmonova Aziza Barat qizi Pulatov Khayrulla Lutpullaevich Nazirova Rano Agzamovna Dadaboyeva Dilnoza Irkinivna Nosirov Mirjalol Uljaboy o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 3 5 111 120 10.17605/OSF.IO/EFA4R THE ROLE OF DYSLIPIDEMIA IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CORONARY HEART DISEASE IN YOUNG AND ELDERLY MEN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1475 <p>In this study, the role of dyslipidemia in the development of coronary heart disease (chd) in men at a young age was studied. The objects of the study were 230 patients with coronary artery disease hospitalized in the departments of somatic resuscitation, emergency therapy no. 1 and 2 of the samarkand branch of the republican scientific center for emergency medical care (sb rscemc) in the period 2018-2021. According to the results, it was revealed that in young patients, among the lipid profile indicators, there was an increase in low-density lipoprotein (ldl) and triglycerides (tg), in elderly patients, an increase in total cholesterol (tc) was noted.</p> Khasanjanova Farida Odilovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 3 5 121 129 10.17605/OSF.IO/5UBWY INNOVATIVE WAYS OF TEACHING ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1476 <p>This paper analyses the innovative and quite intresting methods we have in teaching English</p> <p>language.</p> <p> </p> Yokubjonova Diyora Uchkunovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 3 5 130 134 10.17605/OSF.IO/38JD2 SPECIFIC FEATURES OF FINE MOTOR SKILLS IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1477 <p>This article presents the results of a study of fine motor skills in preschool children with mental retardation. The article presents tasks to check children's fine motor skills and describes the difficulties encountered in children with mental retardation in the process of performing these tasks.</p> Musaeva Dilfuza Abdurakhmanovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 3 5 135 139 10.17605/OSF.IO/DMFP2 REPRESSION OF THE NATION PARTICIPANTS OF THE 1916 UPRISING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1478 <p>Based on the systematization of archival and literary sources, the article highlights the process of repression of the participants in the popular uprising in Turkestan and Karakalpakstan. It is emphasized that this process was one of the most striking and tragic events in the life of the peoples of the Turkestan region at the beginning of the 20th century.</p> H. M. Otegenov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 3 5 140 148 10.17605/OSF.IO/NTQPZ PROSPECTS OF STANDARDIZATION OF THE ENERGY METHOD OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF OPERATIONAL QUALITY INDICATORS OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1479 <p>The study of friction of structural materials used in friction conditions under the influence of complex mechanical and mechanochemical processes.</p> M. I. Nurmatov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 3 5 149 152 10.17605/OSF.IO/UXWA5 EFFECTIVE WAYS OF USING WORD WALL IN PRIMARY EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1480 <p>The use of educational software programs is a commonly investigated topic in teaching foreign language for ESP students. There are many widespread web tools, for example, Quizlet and Padlet, are becoming one of the experimental tools within students that is effective for learners to boost their vocabulary knowledge. This article is devoted to Word Wall which is less used and researched for vocabulary teaching with practical games. Almost 150 students are practiced to learn new words with the help of this web tool. This continued no more than 2 weeks among junior students of 2 different University students as a formative assessment at the end of each theme. The result shows that non-traditional teaching methods are more efficient than traditional method. Paper based test made students reluctance to learn new knowledge and it is insignificant to show their real knowledge. This interactive activity is suggested that using Word wall web tool motivates students to enhance their vocabulary skills. ). The word wall is designed to be an interactive tool for students, and contains an array of words that can be used during teaching and learning process. Mary, (2002) asserts “Word wall has become a popular tool to teach literacy strategies in today’s classroom”.</p> To’lqinova Diyora Khamidova Mohinakhon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 153 158 10.17605/OSF.IO/EC8H9 FAUNA AND DISTRIBUTION OF PHYTONEMATODES OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS IN THE SURKHANDARYA REGION OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1481 <p>The article provides data on the fauna, taxonomic composition and distribution of phytonematodes of some medicinal plants in the conditions of the Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan. As a result of the study in the root system and rhizosphere of medicinal plants (rose hip, blood red hawthorn and sea buckthorn), 39 species of plant nematodes belonging to 25 genera, 16 families, 5 orders and 2 subclasses were identified.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Soatov Sardor Akvarovich Xudoyberdiyeva Nilufar Bozorovna Bekmurodov Abdujabbor Sattorovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 159 162 10.17605/OSF.IO/KHRME CLINICAL AND LABORATORY CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRONIC OSTEOMYELITIS IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1482 <p>The publication summarizes various classical and modern aspects of acute and chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis in children. The results of our own observations and laboratory, instrumental, immunologicalstudies carried out in a large contingent ofpatients with variousforms ofhematogenous osteomyelitis, as well as the results ofvarious methods ofsurgical treatment; issues of etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and complex staged treatment of children were discussed; the original ideas about the modern classification of these actual diseases were expressed; there are six illustrative clinical examplesfrom our own observations. The publication is intendedfor doctors ofpediatric surgeons and specialists in related specialties.</p> Berdiyarova Sh. Sh. Yusupov Sh. A. Yusupova N. A. Murtazaeva N. K. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 163 167 10.17605/OSF.IO/MKX73 ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS IN COMPLEX TREATMENT WITH DIABETIC MACULOPATHY USING PREPARATION VESSEL DUE F AND LASERCOAGULATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1483 <p>Results of the laser treatment in patients with diabetic maculopathy complicated by macular edema have showed that the combined using lasercoagulation and Vessel Due F contributed the resolution of macular edema and allow to enhance of the visual functions.</p> Sabirova D. B. Kadirova A. M. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 168 176 10.17605/OSF.IO/J7BQ8 MEASLES AT THE PRESENT STAGE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1484 <p>Relevance: Measles is an acute viral infection, the most "contagious" among childhood infections. The causative agent of measles is an RNA virus of the genus <a href="https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%8B">morbillivirus </a>of the <a href="https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%8B">paramyxovirus family </a>, which has a spherical shape and a diameter of 120-230 <a href="https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80">nm </a>. The measles virus is not stable in the external environment, quickly dies outside the human body, remains active in the air and on surfaces for up to 2 hours, is not resistant to environmental factors, and quickly dies from sunlight and UV rays. Measles is one of the most contagious diseases in the world, with a <a href="https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C">contagiousness </a>index of over 90%. Perhaps intrauterine infection ( transplacental transmission), when a woman falls ill at the end of pregnancy, the child is born with signs of measles. Measles during pregnancy is a high risk factor for preterm birth, spontaneous abortion, and the development of congenital malformations . In the absence of anti-measles antibodies in the mother, the child may become ill in the neonatal period .</p> Tirkashev O. S. Matnazarova G. S. Bryantseva E. V. Matyakubova F. E. Rabbimova N. T. Mustaeva G. B. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 177 185 10.17605/OSF.IO/MY4PK FOREIGN TRADE RELATIONS OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1485 <p>The article reveals the features of international trade, economic and integration priorities of the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Abdullaev Islom Botirovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 186 188 10.17605/OSF.IO/B6PRW REPRODUCTION OF THE AUTHOR’S STYLE IN THE TRANSLATION OF DETECTIVE STORIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1486 <p>Translating has always been one of the most responsible jobs since the early ages. Because countries’ and people’s lives were dependent on translators’ and interpreters’ works.Translation is the transmission of the meaning of a text from the source language into the target language by using its equivalent. The English language contains a terminological distinction between translating and interpreting (Wikipedia).</p> Khakimova Nasiba Khidirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 189 191 10.17605/OSF.IO/3THND MORPHOLOGY IS A COMPONENT OF THE METHODOLOGY OF LANGUAGE TEACHING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1487 <p>The relevance of the Department of Morphology in the education of the mother tongue, as well as working with dictionaries and vocabulary when studying this department, is discussed in this article. There are some examples of how to understand the nuances of the word "Nouns."</p> Khasanova Yulduzkhon Rakhimjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 192 195 10.17605/OSF.IO/NKBG3 REFORM IN THE FIELD OF CULTURE AND ART IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1488 <p>This article provides detailed information on the laws, resolutions, decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of culture and arts and the laws adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan and their objectives, the basic principles of further development of national culture. given.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Topildiev Odiljon Rakhimjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 196 198 10.17605/OSF.IO/57YTZ OPTICAL SPECTRAL DEVICES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1489 Kholmurodov Maxmatkarim Pattayevich Mardanova Madina Musurmon kizi Mirzamuratov Bahodir Fayzullayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 199 203 10.17605/OSF.IO/P8UHB STUDY OF SPECTRAL PARAMETERS OF LIGHT SCATTERING LINES IN SURFACTANTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1490 Kholmurodov Maxmatkarim pattayevich Omonkulova Umida Husan kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 204 208 10.17605/OSF.IO/JHZPG THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF ENERGY CONSERVATION USING THE CARNOT CYCLE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1491 <p>This article analyzes the theoretical basis of energy saving measures in enterprises.</p> Sorimsokov U. S. Suyarov A. O. Shodieva N. Sh. Nasullayev M.O. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 209 214 10.17605/OSF.IO/BHVRK “DIDACTIC GAMES IN THE LESSONS OF FINE ARTS” https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1492 <p>In my article “didactic games in the lessons of Fine Arts” as in the content, through the active use of didactic games in the lessons students ' performance in the subject of drawing, quick thinking ability to increase spatial imagination through didactic games.<br>It is known that the level of assimilation of students ' knowledge and skills of Ogan based on educational standards is also checked. Defaults are developed for minimum requirements of classes painting.</p> Imamova Manzura Ibadullaeyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 215 218 10.17605/OSF.IO/287XR USE OF SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY SOURCES IN AUTONOMOUS NETWORKS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1493 <p>The article discusses issues related to the use of solar and wind installations as primary sources of energy, which make it possible to create completely autonomous power plants that provide guaranteed year-round coverage of electrical loads in various climatic conditions.</p> Suyarov A. O. Sorimsokov U. S. Narimanov B. A. Nasullayev M. O. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 3 5 219 225 10.17605/OSF.IO/HVSZ5 OVERWEIGHT AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND ITS MODERN APPROACH TO EARLY DIAGNOSIS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1494 <p>Obesity is one of actual medico-social problems of modern society. Rapid growth of the persons suffering from excess mass of a body, defines relevance of this problem. Obesity leads to progressive injury of kidneys through a set of mechanisms. Use of early biomarkers of pathology of kidneys at obesity with an assessment of level of indicator of microalbuminuria is perspective for diagnostics of renal defeat at obesity. The purpose of this study is to study the level of impaired renal function with obesity, and to identify its significance as a risk factor in the development of CKD</p> Akhmedova N. Sh. Khayrullaeva G. B. Hamdamov I. I. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 226 231 10.17605/OSF.IO/DG6QC TEACHING VOCABULARY IN THE COMMUNICATIVE DIRECION AND LEXICAL SKILLS OF STUDENTS IN RUSSIAN LESSONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1495 <p>In this article, the main goal of teaching the Russian language at all levels of education in the Republic of Uzbekistan is the formation of the communicative competence of students in Russian for work in everyday, scientific and professional fields in a multicultural world. Russian-speaking communicative competence is the ability to apply the knowledge, skills and abilities acquired in the studied foreign language in the process of communication.</p> Baymukhamedova Lola Alievna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 232 235 10.17605/OSF.IO/DH8WR THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING WRITING SPEECH IN ENGLISH FOR STUDENTS OF NOPHYLOLOGICAL UNIVERSITIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1496 <p>In this article will discuss&nbsp;&nbsp; about the importance of learning writing speech in English for students of Nophylological universities and how to written speech, speech activity represents an expressive type and clearly graphically represents the content of written characters in fixation. <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> Yakubova Lobar Gulomovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 236 241 10.17605/OSF.IO/MZHTX DEVELOPMENT OF LEXICAL-SEMANTIC GROUPS OF VERBS AND DIRECTIONAL VERBS USED IN OLD ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1497 <p>Walking verbs are a more open category than directional verbs. The movement of the shape relative to space is limited. Wälchli, for example, uses various studies of Latin prepositions to describe action verbs as “cardinal placements” (Wälchli, 2001: 300).<br>In addition, the verbs “towards”, “in”, “up”, “away”, “out” and “down” were used as subcategories of direction in Old and Medieval English. However, verbs such as "back, forward, along, through, and around \ circle" required additional categories. Dayexsis or perspective is not considered a type of direction. In Old English and Medieval English, the verbs “come” and “go” were interpreted as the equivalent of direction. In L. Talmi's view, this is considered as a separate type of semantic components and is called "direction" (Talmi, 1985: 135).</p> Mardonova Sitora Mardonova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 242 245 10.17605/OSF.IO/H4DVZ THE EFFECTIVNESS OF THE USE OF INTERACTIVE METHODS IN TEACHING THE DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN ANATOMY IN THE DEPARTMENT OF OSTEOLOGY IN HIGHER EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1498 <p>At present, modern teaching methods are widely used in education. The use of modern teaching methods leads to high efficiency in the teaching process. The purpose of the article is to provide some recommendations for improving the effectiveness of education, the development of education through interactive methods and tools to achieve high efficiency in the teaching of human anatomy in higher education.</p> Umirov N. U. Aberqulov E. A. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 246 250 10.17605/OSF.IO/43PFV EVALUATION AND PROGNOSIS OF COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA WITH PROLONGED COURSE IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1499 <p>Based on the revealed history data, clinical, functional and biochemical parameters, a comprehensive analysis of the characteristics of the course of community-acquired pneumonia in children was carried out, which allowed us to identify a certain number of modifiable and unmodifiable factors. Identified factors may indicate a high risk of developing severe pneumonia, complications, an unfavorable outcome, which must be taken into account when conducting diagnostic measures and differentiated selection of optimal treatment regimens.</p> Khaydarova Sarvinoz Khaydarjonovna Shadiyeva Xalima Nuriddinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 3 5 251 254 10.17605/OSF.IO/VC8D9 FEATURES OF POLITICAL TERMS(ON THE EXAMPLE OF UZBEK AND ENGLISH) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1500 <p>The thesaurus of political term is based on intra- systemic conceptual relations of this lexical group.</p> <p> </p> N.F. Kosimova Ochilova Dilnora Hayotovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 255 259 10.17605/OSF.IO/RBWZU EFFECTIVE FROM THE WATERS OF THE NORTHERN MAIN COLLECTOR POSSIBILITIES OF USE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF BUKHARA REGION) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1501 <p>This article examines and analyzes the reclamation status of currently irrigated lands in Bukhara region and the northern collector ditch network in the region. There is also information about large ditches in the region and changes in their mineralization</p> Hayitov Yozil Kasimovich Gaybullaeva Mahbuba Sayfullo qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 260 266 10.17605/OSF.IO/6ZECQ CONCEPT AND CRIMINOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMES IN THE FIELD OF ECOLOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1502 <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of the crime in the field of ecology, that is, crimes inflicting the human world, human health and acts prohibited by criminal law. In this paper, the emergence of the concept of “ecology” was studied and an attempt was made to analyze both the concept and its level in the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Utemuratova S.SH. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 267 269 10.17605/OSF.IO/P5YKS INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF GENDER CRUSHING EQUIPMENT ON THE BASIS OF ELIMINATING THE PRODUCTION OF SLIMMING REGIME AT THE BOTTOM OF THE WELL https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1503 <p>In the process of drilling, in case of untimely lifting of cuttings from the bottom of the well, i.e. when the particles of the destroyed cuttings linger on the surface of the bottom of the well and under the action of hydrostatic pressure, a decrease in the efficiency of the rock cutting tool is observed.This article discusses the movement of broken cuttings at the bottom of the well, its impact on the efficiency of the drilling process, and presents the results of experimental work to prevent the cuttings regime at the bottom of the well based on the improvement of the design of the rock cutting tool.</p> Djuraev R.U. Mustafaev O.B. Abdixakimova Malika Amir qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 270 275 10.17605/OSF.IO/YSNAF YOUTH OUTLOOK AND INNOVATIVE THINKING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1504 <p>From the development of philosophical thought, it is known that the problem of worldview is an important phenomenon that determines not only the true human essence of any thinking people, but also their meaning of life.</p> Abdurakhmonov Khasan Ibroximovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 276 282 10.17605/OSF.IO/QNCKP NORMS AND INSTITUTIONS OF THE RIGHT OF CITIZENS TO SELF-GOVERNMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1505 <p>This article reflects the issues related to the formation of the sphere of the right of self-government of citizens as part of the national legal system in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Also, the norms of the right of self-government of citizens to this sphere and the peculiarities of their institutions are scientifically analyzed.At the same time, it is touched upon the peculiarities of legislative acts aimed at regulating the sphere of the right of self-government of citizens in the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Ollamov Yarash Yuldoshovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 283 287 10.17605/OSF.IO/GS849 DEMOGRAPHIC FACTOR AFFECTING THE FINANCIAL STABILITY OF THE PENSION SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1506 <p>The article analyzes the main demographic factors of the financial sustainability of the pension reform and substantiates proposals for increasing state pension obligations.</p> Abduganieva G. K. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 288 292 10.17605/OSF.IO/KPWZ3 THE ROLE OF COMPLAINT CONTROL IN ENSURING THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF JOINT STOCK COMPANIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1507 <p>This article examines the role of compliance control in ensuring the economic security of joint stock companies. The scientific work of local and foreign scientists who have studied compliance control in ensuring the economic security of joint stock companies has also been studied. In addition, it is scientifically based on the importance of the introduction of a modern system of control in the activities of joint-stock companies, taking into account world experience in the effective implementation of long-term strategies and innovative innovations.</p> Akhmedov Sherzod Sharof oglu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 293 300 10.17605/OSF.IO/MBUHE LINGUOPOETIC AND LINGUOCULTURAL ISSUES IN LITERATURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1509 <p>The presented article is devoted to the functional-discursive analysis of phraseological units in "Gone with the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell. The article contains an analysis of more than 40 phraseological units and comments on theoretical views on the subject of research.</p> Mokhinur Rakhmiddinovna Sayliyeva Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 301 305 10.17605/OSF.IO/SE89V ANALYSIS OF THE PECULIARITIES OF THE APPLICATION OF TANIDES IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS AND QUALITY INDICATORS OF RAW MATERIALS IN THE PRODUCTION OF SHOE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1510 <p>The article describes the method of tanning in the production of lining leather and the peculiarities of using tannins. The hardness of leather tanned by the chrome and chromium-tannin method was determined and the tanning process was improved due to the use of tannins. By determining the quality indicators of artificial raw materials with local raw materials in the production of shoes, the possibilities of their use in production and for consumers are analyzed.</p> Abdullaev Ulugbek Tulanboyevich Mirxojaev Mirjamol Mirkarimovich Atamirzaev Nodirbek Bekmirzaevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 3 5 306 309 10.17605/OSF.IO/6AYKN INTERFACIAL AND IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS COOPERATION OF TRADITIONAL TEACHING METHODS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1511 <p class="a" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span class="a0"><span lang="RU" style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Georgia',serif; color: windowtext;">The pre-designed pedagogical technology of the educational process includes a system of methods and techniques, methodological methods of teaching, opportunities and means of interaction between teachers and students, the goal of developing positive personal qualities of students, and the achievement of final results.</span></span></p> Dusmatov Sanjar Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 310 316 10.17605/OSF.IO/MXT93 MAQAMAT AZ-ZAMAHSHARI OR NASOIH AL-KIBAR https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1513 <p>Mahmud Zamakhshari with his scientific heritage has been recognized by the peoples of the world as "Ustozu-l-arab wa-l-ajam" - "Teacher of Arabs and non-Arab nations", "Jarullah" - "Neighbor of Allah", "Ka'batu-l-udabo" - "Writers' Mahmud Zamakhshari was born and raised in the land of ancient Khorezm.</p> Dusmatov Sanjar Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 317 320 10.17605/OSF.IO/DY4SQ PECULIARITIES OF THE FUNCTIONING OF BORROWINGS IN THE MEDIA OF THE ARAB COUNTRIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1514 <p>One of the ways of term formation in the Arabic language and its integral part is borrowing. With the help of the borrowing method, 25% of the total number of economic terms are formed, which indicates the productivity of this type of term formation. Borrowing is the result of interlingual communication, during which lexical units of foreign origin, language B, are formed and fixed in language A. It should be noted that all levels of the language, in particular phonetic, morphological, syntactic, semantic, and lexical ones, can be subjected to the process of borrowing, so the researcher's proposal E.V. Koroleva to specify "morphological borrowings", "lexical borrowings" [1:29] seems reasonable.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Mamajanova Victoria Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 321 325 10.17605/OSF.IO/Y9HFU MAHMUD ZAMAKHSHARI'S WORK «RABIYU-L-ABROR» https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1515 <p>This study analyzes the contribution of Mahmud Zamakhshari to the development of the science of the fundamentals of the Arabic language and provides information about his works on linguistics, grammar, lexicology, aruz, and literature.&nbsp; In particular, the definition of «Science of lectures», which was very developed in medieval Arabic literature, the history of its occurrence, as well as scientists who wrote in this area and their works are analyzed.&nbsp; The meaning and importance of the «Science of Lectures» are discussed, as well as the content of books written in this field.&nbsp; The study describes the work of Mahmud Zamakhshari «Rabiy’u-l-abror», which is included in the section «Sciences of lectures», which is part of the classification of the sciences of the basics of the Arabic language, in particular, what goals Zamakhshari pursued when creating it and brief analysis of the content of the book is given.</p> Pirmuhamedov Bahodir Bahramovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 326 330 10.17605/OSF.IO/VHCP7 CHARACTERISTICS OF A CLUSTER APPROACH TO TEACHING ENGLISH SENIOR STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1516 <p>One of the current difficulties is to educate the younger generation in the sense of love and devotion to the country, national pride, high morality and spirituality, pride in our old and rich heritage, national and international values through the teaching of foreign languages. The problem of generating the essential conditions for students to learn foreign languages flawlessly, express themselves in all fields with knowledge of a foreign language, and improve their oral and written communication in a foreign language is raised by radical reforms in the international education system. This article highlights the importance given to characteristics of a cluster approach to teaching English to senior students.</p> Giyasova Umida Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 331 335 10.17605/OSF.IO/G9N4F NAJMIDDIN KUBRO'S WORKS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1517 <p>The article is about Najmiddin Kubro, a great mystic scholar of the 13th century, the founder of the Kubrovian sect, and his works.</p> Toshboyev Azamjon Yusubjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 336 341 10.17605/OSF.IO/YSW2T PREPARATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS FOR TUTORING AND FACILITATION ACTIVITIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1518 <p>Today in our country the same attention is paid to all spheres. In particular, the field of education. That is why pedagogy is important as a program in the training of young professionals. In particular, the use of modern technologies in the education of young people, their introduction into education has become a priority. In this article, the author discusses in detail the role of pedagogical technologies and modern technologies in pedagogy. This article describes in detail how to prepare future teachers for tutoring and facilitation activities.</p> Abdumutalibova Magfirat Mirodil qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 342 347 10.17605/OSF.IO/SWDBY CHARACTERISTICS OF A CLUSTER APPROACH TO TEACHING ENGLISH SENIOR STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1519 <p>In modern non-philological enterprises, the study of English is an important component in the training of specialists for numerous branches of our country. In today's society, the creation of innovative teaching methods for English is becoming increasingly crucial. The problem of generating the essential conditions for students to learn foreign languages flawlessly, express themselves in all fields with knowledge of a foreign language, and improve their oral and written communication in a foreign language is raised by radical reforms in the international education system. This article highlights the importance given to characteristics of a cluster approach to teaching English to senior students.</p> Allamuratov G'ofur Ashurovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 348 351 10.17605/OSF.IO/RBPTD PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND ITS ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF PERSONALITY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1520 <p>The all-round development of the individual reflects the biological regularity, the need for the harmonious development of human systems and organs, which always have a single social personality, both socially and biologically. All this determines the multifaceted nature of the impact on human beings in the process of physical education, and determines the organic connection between the different types of education that physical education should take into account and use purposefully in all cases. This article discusses about physical education and its role in the formation of personality.</p> Saribaev Shukhrat Turdibekovich Galaev Qakhhor Karimovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 352 355 10.17605/OSF.IO/KVRPU THE RISK OF FEMALE TRAVELERS TRAVELING ALONE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1521 <p>Traveling alone, especially if you are a woman, is an especially exciting adventure, especially if this is your first solo trip. This article about finding some practical advice on how to organize your first solo trip.</p> Tulkinova Mekhriniso Umarova Dilnoza Azamjonova Shakhnoza Jo'rayeva Zarina Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 356 361 10.17605/OSF.IO/CDQM7 LITERATURE AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1522 <p>The concepts of language and speech — and this is obvious from practice nowadays (for almost everyone) — are related concepts, although not identical. The idea that they need to be distinguished arose in the minds of scientists, first of all philosophers, and then linguists, a very long time ago. The "duality" of linguistic phenomena was pointed out by outstanding linguists of the past — Wilhelm von Humboldt, I. A. Baudouin de Courtenay and others.</p> Yunusova Diyora Aminovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 362 365 10.17605/OSF.IO/P8WJR SOCIO-POLITICAL LEXEMES AND THEIR SEMANTIC FEATURES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1523 <p>In this article, socio-political lexemes denoting domination in Qutadgu bilig and their semantic features, the fact that in previous states, including Qutadgu bilig, the chief ruler of the state is represented by certain lexical units (or terms) and turkologists his thoughts are illuminated.</p> Utkir Ostonov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 366 371 10.17605/OSF.IO/3Y64M PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE TEACHERS BASED ON THE DEONTOLOGICAL APPROACH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1524 <p>The article describes the deontological aspects of the professional development of future teachers related to culture, professional qualities, competence and socialization. The author pays special attention to the content analysis of general deontological issues that are important for the processes of professional development.</p> Boltayev Abduvokhid Abdulazizovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 372 379 10.17605/OSF.IO/V4UHQ USING TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE FOR PHYSICAL CULTURE STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1525 <p>In recent years the English language has played an increasingly important role as the medium of communication among people from different countries; Uzbekistan is no exception. In Uzbekistan where English is used as a foreign language, the ability in using English has become essential for students as it is the global language for the dissemination of academic knowledge and it helps transform the educational experience of countless students.</p> Akhtamov Djamshed Bakhromovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 380 385 10.17605/OSF.IO/6QHFB PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1526 <p>The article discusses the main psychological factors influencing the teaching of foreign languages to children of primary school age. The choice of the topic of this work, the psychological features of teaching foreign languages to young children, is not accidental, since early learning of foreign languages is one of the priorities in the educational policy of both our country and Western European countries.</p> Azimova Mahfuza Abdusamatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 389 389 10.17605/OSF.IO/T8BU3 MODERN METHODS IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1527 <p>This paper deals with the modern methods and approaches in teaching a foreign language thoroughly. Moreover, this article illustrates how to use new innovative technologies in teaching English. The author's purpose is to show the significant role of some up-to-date methods in teaching English intensively.</p> Azimova Mahfuza Abdusamatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 390 396 10.17605/OSF.IO/8RHM6 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING INNOVATIVE METHODS IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1528 <p>The article deals with the tasks of a modern school, the manifestation of creative abilities, the introduction of the variability of educational processes, where there are various innovative types and types of educational institutions that require comprehensive scientific and practical views.</p> Khonboboeva Shoira Rafikovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 397 400 10.17605/OSF.IO/VG7D6 EVALUATION OF TRANSLATION COMPETENCE IN TRAINING THE FUTURE TRANSLATORS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1529 <p>The present article examines different trends in translation evaluation based on the subcomponents of translation competence. To be a good translator requires a sizeable investment in both languages. It is one of the most challenging tasks to switch safely and faithfully between two universes of discourse. Only a sophisticated and systematic treatment of translation education can lead to the development of successful translators. An evaluation framework is proposed as a suitable tool in analyzing translational texts in English.</p> Gilyazetdinov E. Z. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 401 407 10.17605/OSF.IO/QF2KU THE IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING ENGLISH VOCABULARY IN HIGH EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1530 <p>In article are considered questions of the efficient use to playing technologies in process of the education. The more they read, the more they will learn and the more they learn, the more they achieve. Therefore, in the long run, improving their vocabulary will improve not only their speaking skills but also their reading, listening and writing skills.</p> Nizamiddinova Nigora Nizamiddinovna Turumova Nilufar Erkinovna Rakhimova Nigora Atakulovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 408 411 10.17605/OSF.IO/DUFC2 METABOLIC SHIFTS AS AN INDICATOR OF POST-HYPOXIC COMPLICATIONS IN NEWBORN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1531 <p>From this article we see what is metabolic shifts as an indicator of post-hypoxic complications in newborn and an associated, related in meaning to the noun metabolism; related to the metabolism and energy, to the processes of chemical transformations of substances and energy in the body</p> Ikromova Zarina Khomidjon Kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 412 416 10.17605/OSF.IO/NMCPB THE WAYS OF INCREASING STUDENTS' MOTIVATION IN LEARNING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1532 <p>The article is devoted to the consideration of the main ways and means to increase the motivation of students of non-linguistic specialties to study English.</p> Khonboboeva Shoira Rafikovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 417 420 10.17605/OSF.IO/XM6CU FUNDAMENTALS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF SELF-STUDY IN ONLINE CLASSES IN PRIVATE NON-PHILOLOGICAL UNIVERSITIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1533 <p>This article about how organize of self-study in online classes in private non-philological universities. As we know self-study allows for students to learn about a subject that is not in their university’s established curriculum or about a topic that they would like to learn more about. You create your course, define what you study, and then work one-on-one with an instructor to earn academic credit.</p> Sharipova Sarvinoz Burkhonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 421 424 10.17605/OSF.IO/KSWR7 MODERN GAME TECHNOLOGY IN ENGLISH LESSONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1534 <p>The reason for the growing interest in different types of games nowadays is, first of all, the abandonment of traditional forms and methods of teaching. It should also be noted that when a sufficiently high motivation is maintained, a decrease in cognitive interest is observed to learn a foreign language. This phenomenon occurs because students face some challenges that seem insurmountable to them. Play activities are one of the ways to stimulate learning and cognitive activity, allowing the use of all levels of knowledge acquisition. So it's no coincidence that they are interested in using game technology in foreign language classes.</p> Zuhra Zulfiqorova Allaberdiyeva Abdullayeva Shakhlo Sayfiyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 425 429 10.17605/OSF.IO/CAZ5Y AUDIO LINGUAL METHOD OF LANGUAGE TEACHING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1535 <p>The audio-lingual method is aimed at developing the communicative competence of students. Through dialogues. Dialogues and template exercise that students have to repeat are used to form student habits that will allow them to develop quick and automatic responses. Drill useful in teaching a foreign language in that they give students the opportunity to do what they have learned. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate how the use of audiolingual the method facilitates the study of a foreign language.</p> Egamberdiyeva Nodira Hamidovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 430 432 10.17605/OSF.IO/6EG4U WAYS TO ADVANCE PEDAGOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1536 <p>The state and prospects for the development of teaching are among the most acutely discussed issues in Uzbek society today. So does the language teaching is investigated from different perspectives. The article looks at the education process in general and discusses eight steps to upgrade the pedagogy. It provides recommendation teachers can do to improve the teaching and learning process. In line with teachers’ skills in classroom management, the article analyzes the importance of student role and preference in advancing the teaching. The article touches on the issue of meeting the students’ educational needs as a crucial point in the quality of education improvement. The main consumers of educational services are students whose perceptions of educational quality is analyzed.</p> Qayumova Lola Nasimovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 433 437 10.17605/OSF.IO/Z6SY8 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SPIRIT OF MILITARY PATRIOTISM IN GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION AND SPECIALIZED SCHOOLS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1537 <p>This article examines a number of methodologies used in the military-patriotic spirit of general secondary education and specialized schools in Uzbekistan. Each new generation does not inevitably create the basis of material and spiritual culture but receives cultural values created by ancestors. Central Asia is known for its eminent thinkers in the world community. A comprehensive study of the rich cultural heritage of these philosophers is a key task of today's scientists. The study of the legacy of these thinkers was banned during the Soviet era. They were treated unfairly from the point of view of communist ideology.</p> Turayev Jakhongir Anvarovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 438 442 10.17605/OSF.IO/M2V8U PEDAGOGICAL SKILL AND ITS PLACE IN THE TEACHER https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1538 <p>Pedagogical skills - personal childhood, kindness, humanity, kindness and professional knowledge, intelligence, dedication, creativity, ability, etc. of teachers. It is an activity that allows teachers to achieve a high level of educational activity, the ability to constantly improve their professional skills. Demonstrated in the professional activity of every teacher who has a thorough knowledge of the subject, has pedagogical-psychological and methodological training, conducts practical activities to find optimal ways of teaching, educating and developing students will be.</p> Abdullaeva Muborak Mashrab kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 443 448 10.17605/OSF.IO/MGX7C TOPIC: PEDAGOGICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF DISTANCE LEARNING OF DRAWING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1539 <p>The article provides recommendations on how to use modern teaching technologies to increase student engagement in the classroom.</p> Jiyenbayeva Nagima Kayratdin Kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 449 451 10.17605/OSF.IO/VU86E TYPES OF SYNONYMS AND POLYSEMY LEXIS IN THE ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1540 <p>The article analyses the meaningfulness of lexical-semantic relationships. Polysemic lexemes were studied in the synonymy seme and synonyms of sememe which are derived from the meaning of grammar and polysememic lexemes. Synonymic sememes and synonyms are different from lexical synonyms. The grammatical synonyms, context synonyms, complete synonyms, the spiritual synonyms, methodological synonyms, as well as the grammar and lexical units within polysememic lexemes have been studied. There are examples of meaningful words and meaningful additions to grammatical synonyms. Lexical synonyms and affixes synonyms are derived from linguistic units. Syntactic synonyms have been studied in terms of the combination of words, fixed connections and phrases. The notion of synopsis of polynomials within the framework of the lexemes is derived from the meaning of meaning, portable meaning, figural meaning, syntactic meaning, constructive meaning, meanings. Synonyms have been analyzed by the metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and portable expressions. There are examples and conclusions about the types of synonyms and their emergence within the context of polysememic lexis<strong>.</strong></p> Khajieva M.S. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 452 454 10.17605/OSF.IO/M689Y FACTORS OF EDUCATION OF MEANINGFUL YOUNG PEOPLE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1541 Kholikova Dilnavoz Alimatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 455 457 10.17605/OSF.IO/6JB4T STUDY OF THE PROTEIN COMPOSITION OF FISH FEED OF DIFFERENT ORIGINS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1542 <p>The best recipes of domestic and foreign fish feed contain up to 9-12 components of various nature, not counting the addition of vitamins, mineral salts and other biologically active substances.</p> Niyozov Xusan Niyozovich Suyundikov Ulug’bek Abdusalomovich Dodayev Qo’chqor Odilovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 458 462 10.17605/OSF.IO/4FYH2 LINGUOCULTURAL CONCEPT AS A BASIC UNIT OF STUDY IN LINGUOCULTUROLOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1543 <p>The general concept of linguoculturology, the linguistic picture of the world, such aspects of linguoculturology as the concept, its semantic component, frames, slots and subslots. As an example, the concept of "youth" is chosen in the context of the semantic function of this concept.</p> Abdirakhmonova Irodakhon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 463 465 10.17605/OSF.IO/BJVRX APPLICATION OF PHYTOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PROSTATITIS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1544 <p>Contrary to popular belief, the incidence of prostatitis detected and confirmed by laboratory tests is only about 9%. However, inflammation of the prostate often recurs or becomes chronic. The prevalence of chronic forms of prostatitis, characterized by an inactive inflammatory process and insignificant clinical symptoms that reduce the quality of life, is difficult to assess. In addition to acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, a syndrome of inflammatory chronic pelvic pain is distinguished, in which leukocytes are detected in the third portion of urine or seminal fluid, as well as chronic pelvic pain syndrome without inflammatory changes. In the occurrence and maintenance of symptoms characteristic of chronic prostatitis, functional urination disorders are of great importance, expressed in high urination pressure, intraprostatic reflux, which forms a turbulent urine flow, pathogenic influence of microorganisms, immunological reactions, and an altered state of the pelvic floor muscles.</p> Abdullaev Sh. Kuylieva M. U. Usmanova M. B. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 466 470 10.17605/OSF.IO/RYTFJ ORDINARY MOUNTAIN BASIL - ORIGANUM VULGARE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1545 <p>About the medicinal plant Tograykhan, its medicinal properties, the impact on the consumption of products from it is presented in an easy and understandable form.</p> Khasanova G. R. Olimov S. M. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 471 474 10.17605/OSF.IO/7ZHMY PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES USING PHYTOTHERAPY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1546 <p>Medicamentous methods of therapy do not always allow to restore impaired functions, despite the large range of synthetic drugs, the action of which is directed only at some links of pathogenesis. This, to a certain extent, can explain the likelihood of repeated violations of the coronary or cerebral circulation with a variety of pathogenetic disorders. In addition, drugs for the treatment of CVD have a fairly large number of side effects and contraindications. CVD therapy requires long-term treatment with a large number of drugs, most of which are potent and have a number of side effects and contraindications, which can complicate the course of the underlying disease. The number and severity of drug complications is increasing every year. From the complications of drug therapy, according to WHO experts, about one million inhabitants of the globe die every year. Drug therapy for coronary heart disease and especially stroke are among the most expensive. This situation is observed both abroad and in 37 of us in the country. Therefore, the problem of the effectiveness of treatment of CVS disorders remains relevant. Achievements in clinical pharmacology to create a new generation of cardiological herbal medicines show the promise of herbal medicine. Evidence of the clinical efficacy of antihypertensive, antianginal, antiarrhythmic and diuretic herbal drugs has been obtained.</p> Abdullayev Sh. Quyliyeva M. U. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 475 478 10.17605/OSF.IO/B796W FEATURES CHANGES IN THE HEMOSTASIS SYSTEM IN PATIENTS WITH COVID-19 https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1547 <p>The review considers changes in the parameters of the hemostasis system in patients with COVID-19 and analyzes their practical significance. Modern approaches to prevention are considered and treatment of thrombotic/thromboembolic complications in COVID-19. Our data confirm that chronic inflammation leads to disorders of the blood coagulation system towards hypercoagulation, and subsequently to thrombosis, and the more experience and age of patients with COVID-19 and the higher the activity of the underlying disease, the more pronounced are the changes in coagulation hemostasis towards hypercoagulation.</p> Boltayev K. J. Ruziyev Z. M. Ulug’ova Sh. T. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 479 486 10.17605/OSF.IO/MVS3U TECHNOLOGY FOR OBTAINING NANOMATERIALS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1548 <p>The task of the stage was the formation and primary structuring of the subject area of search and extraction of knowledge in a given thematic area of activity of the NNS. On the basis of available literature data and search activities on the Internet, a description and analysis of the current state of research in the field of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in nanoelectronics are carried out. The structuring and description of the interrelations of the elements of the received information in the form of concepts of the subject area is carried out.</p> Inyaminov Yuldash Arifkhonovich Babanov Dilmurad Tashpulatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 487 492 10.17605/OSF.IO/6WPHN METHODS OF ALMONDING OF SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1549 <p>The article describes the technology of preparation of semiconductor layers and its application.</p> Babanov Dilmurad Tashpulatovich Inyaminov Yuldash Arifkhonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 3 5 493 496 10.17605/OSF.IO/XJFKE FROM THE HISTORY OF COTTON GROWING IN UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1550 <p>The article provides information about the socio-economic and political-cultural life of Uzbekistan during the Soviet era, as well as the selfless work of our people in agriculture.</p> H. O. Khushvaqtov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 5 497 501 10.17605/OSF.IO/RGAKV EQUIPMENT AND SOFTWARE FOR MONITORING OF POWER SUPPLY OF INFOCOMUNICATION DEVICES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1551 <p>This article describes the widespread use of multidimensional measuring and control converters and their modern hardware and software in the conversion of power sources to secondary signals in the power supply of computing and infocommunication devices, the principles of monitoring them, receiving and processing The principle of construction, model and software of working and transmitting media on an appropriate basis are given.</p> Sh.A. Karshibaev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 5 502 505 10.17605/OSF.IO/9Z2RM PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF CREATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1552 <p>This article provides detailed information on the formation of creative abilities of students of higher education institutions, the essence of the development of methods of practical application and pedagogical-psychological and methodological factors of effective use of methods by teachers.</p> Ulukhanov Ibrokhim Tokhtakhojaevich Khusainova Guzal Abdurasulovna Ubaydullaev Solijon Kadirovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 3 5 506 510 10.17605/OSF.IO/MYVGX NEW VIEWS ON EXCAVATOR SERVICE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1553 <p>The article examines the role of diagnostics and service life in the repair of excavators. It was found that the productivity of excavators depends on the condition of the excavator.</p> Mahmudov Azamat Mahmudovich Haydarov Shohidjon Bahridinovich Abduhakimova Maftuna Gulomjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 511 514 10.17605/OSF.IO/9NHBC THOSE WHO ARE CREATED FOR WOMEN ARE THE CONDITIONS AND PROVIDE THEM WITH WORK https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1554 <p>Attitude to a woman is the main criterion for the manifestation of respect for a nation, state, tomorrow and the future generation. In recent years, a system has been created in our country to ensure gender equality in society on the issue of women, to improve suitable working and living conditions for our women, to ensure that young people fully demonstrate their knowledge and potential. In particular, in the current pandemic period, more attention is paid to the effect of work on this than ever before. In this article, opinions and comments will be made on the conditions created for women and their employment.</p> Naim Oblomurodov Khalimovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 515 517 10.17605/OSF.IO/EBGYZ BRONCHOBSTRUCTIVE SYNDROME IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1555 <p>Broncho-obstructive syndrome is a particularly urgent problem in pediatrics, as it occupies one of the first places in the structure of respiratory diseases in children [1,3,6]. Respiratory diseases that occur with broncho-obstructive syndrome are among the most common, which is associated with an increase in the number of frequently ill children, an increase in the survival rate of newborns with severe respiratory tract lesions, an increase in the number of children with an atopic anomaly of the constitution, and exposure to adverse environmental factors [2,4] .</p> Sh. M. Ibatova Sh. M. Uralov F. Kh. Mamatkulova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 518 522 10.17605/OSF.IO/5XF6H EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF IMMUNOMODULATING THERAPY FOR ACUTE OBSTRUCTIVE BRONCHITIS IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1556 <p>Acute obstructive bronchitis is very common among young children, often leading to frequent relapses and severe complications. Under the influence of an infectious factor in children, various immunological changes are often observed, the body's ability to develop full-fledged post-infection immunity is sharply reduced. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of immunomodulatory therapy in children with acute obstructive bronchitis. 65 children with acute obstructive bronchitis were examined. The immunological study was carried out in the clinical laboratory of the SamMI clinic. The number of T-lymphocytes (CD3), T-helpers (CD4), T-suppressors (CD8), and B-lymphocytes (CD19) was determined by a modified method. The concentration of serum immunoglobulins A, M, G in peripheral blood was determined according to the method of Mancini et al. The phagocytic activity of neutrophils was studied using latex particles. Immunological examination was carried out taking into account the nature of therapy: the 1st group of patients received traditional treatment with the inclusion of T-activin, and the 2nd group of children received only traditional treatment. It was found that the use of T-activin in the complex therapy of children with acute obstructive bronchitis increases the effectiveness of treatment, contributes to the normalization of the immune status and prevents the development of relapses of the disease.</p> Sh. M. Ibatova F. P. Abdurasulov Yu. A. Rakhmonov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 523 527 10.17605/OSF.IO/MNPZ6 SHAN TONG PIVOVNI (PAULOWIA SHANTONG) CLIMATE ON FARMS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1557 <p>In order to obtain wood in Uzbekistan, special attention is paid to the growing, rational use of the Pavlovian tree, modernization of its material and technical base, development of market structures in the sphere.</p> Artikova L. S. Azimova D. E. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 528 530 10.17605/OSF.IO/SJ6EA EFFECTS OF LOCAL PLANT EXTRACTS ON CELL MEMBRANE CONDUCTIVITY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1558 <p>Plant extracts use plants as raw materials, according to the need for the final product, through physicochemical separation and separation processes, targeted extraction and concentration of one or more active substances of plants, without changing the structure of the active ingredients. This substance can be widely used as a raw material in downstream industries such as food, beverage, medicine, health products and cosmetics.</p> Khakimova Sevara Khamzaevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 531 535 10.17605/OSF.IO/RPVU3 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE LESSONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1559 <p>Is it possible today to teach the Russian language and literature without the use of computer technology? At the present stage of the development of society, it is impossible even to imagine the educational process without computer technology. The use of new educational technologies in teaching the Russian language and literature opens up opportunities that were even impossible to dream of a few years ago. Using computers, we prepare handouts, create tests for knowledge control, and presentations. In accordance with the goal, the aim of the article is to determine the effectiveness of teaching speech works when using innovative methods and technologies.</p> Ismailova Taklida Israilovna Bahranova Shakhnoza Abrorovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 536 540 10.17605/OSF.IO/VFUDH BASIC CATEGORIES OF NARRATOLOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1560 <p>This article examines the basic categories of narratology based on the outstanding theoretical positions of Western and Russian narratology. Such basic categories of narratology as classical and structuralist concepts of narrativity, eventfulness and its conditions, narrative and descriptive texts, narrative and mimetic narrative texts, the concept of narrative in modern anthropology are taken as a basis and considered.</p> Israilova Kamilla Ismailovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 541 547 10.17605/OSF.IO/3YHCD TELEMEDICINE IN UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1561 <p>Telemedicine has enormous potential to address a range of challenges faced by both developed and developing countries. It uses information and communication technologies to increase access to health services and to overcome geographic barriers. This is especially true for rural areas, where residents constantly suffer from a lack of access to health care.</p> Ibragimova N. S. Ibragimov B. F. Kuvondikov G. B. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 548 550 10.17605/OSF.IO/357QS ASSESSMENT OF RENAL DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1562 <p>To study the indicators of renal dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).</p> Khusainova Munira Alisherovna Ergasheva Mamura Toshtemirovna Kamalova Diyora Jamshedovna Gafforov Xudoyor Xudoyberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 551 557 10.17605/OSF.IO/74FHX STUDY OF QUALITYOF LIFE INDICATORS IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE USING THE SF-36 QUESTIONNAIRE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1563 <p>A simple prospective study of the effect of lipid-lowering therapy on the assessment of quality of life was conducted using the SF-36 questionnaire for coronary heart disease in men before and after pharmacological intervention. There were no statistically significant differences in the dynamics of indicators of the SF-36 questionnaire scales both before and after treatment in patients with coronary artery disease, stable angina pectoris I—II FC with atherogenic GLP, sensitive to treatment with rosuvastatin, in comparison with a group of patients transferred to bicomponent therapy. However, when analyzing the questionnaire data of patients with coronary heart disease, taking into account the genotype, it was found that the initial values of quality of life indicators according to the SF-36 questionnaire scales in carriers of the D allele by ACEI/D polymorphism differed from those in comparison with carriers of the I allele. Thus, patients carrying the D allele showed both an initially low assessment of the quality of life and a lower dynamics of values on the scales of the SF-36 questionnaire, regardless of the type of pharmacological correction of lipid metabolism disorders. Therefore, from the point of view of the preventive approach, the connection of genetic and personal-behavioral characteristics considered as psychological risk factors for coronary heart disease is of interest.</p> Khusainova Munira Alisherovna Khaydarova Zarrina Erkinovna Kamalova Diyora Jamshedovna Ergasheva Ma’mura Toshtemirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 558 564 10.17605/OSF.IO/ATFYW CORRECTION OF COMPLICATIONS IN CHRONIC HEART FAILURE DEPENDING ON THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE KIDNEYS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1564 <p>The work is devoted to the study of the effectiveness of the treatment of CHF in patients of the older age group taking into account the functional state of the kidneys.<br>We examined 52 patients aged 62 to 86 years after a myocardial infarction complicated by the development of CHF. All patients received basic therapy of CHF. All patients included in the study at baseline, after 3 and 12 months, were clinically examined, the functional class of CHF was determined, echocardiography was performed, and the functional state of the kidneys and heart rate variability (HRV) were examined. Depending on the effect of treatment on the state of the kidney two groups of patients: group 1 (n=33) had no adverse effects on the kidneys (nephroprotective effect) according to the study glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and microalbuminuria (MA); group 2 (n=19) consisted of patients in whom the therapy of CHF led to the decline of GFR and initiated the emergence of or a buildup of MA (nephronegative effect). </p> Khaydarova Zarrina Erkinovna Makhmudova Khanuza Davranovna Ergasheva Ma’mura Toshtemirovna Gafforov Xudoyor Xudoyberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 565 575 10.17605/OSF.IO/KHE9F FEATURES OF PORTAL BLOOD CIRCULATION AND ECHOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE OF THE LIVER IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1565 <p>In recent years, remarkable progress has been made The successes in prolonging the lives of patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) through the widespread introduction into clinical practice of extra-renal blood purification techniques, in particular The use of a programmatic hemodialysis, as well as an increase in the number of successful renal transplantation operations. In the past, there was an inherently poor prognosis for life, the inevitable nature of rehabilitation, and the inevitable need for people with CRI to move away from active full-time social and occupational activities. At the same time, it was recognized that in substitution therapy CRI is not only about prolonging life, but also about ensuring high quality of life, this has led to a significant number of reports in medical research journals reflecting the findings of research on different aspects of quality of life (QOL) in the dialysis centres.</p> Gafforov Xudoyor Xudoyberdiyevich Khusainova Munira Alisherovna Ergasheva Mamura Toshtemirovna Kamalova Diyora Jamshedovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 576 581 10.17605/OSF.IO/2SCUK CIRCADIAN RHYTHM BLOOD PRESSURE IN PATIENTS HEART FAILURE IN RENAL DYSFUNCTION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1566 <p>Despite the frequent combination of chronic heart failure (CHF) with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the features of the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in patients with CHF associated with CKD remain insufficiently studied. 117 patients with CHF were examined.In 56 patients, the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was higher than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, a moderate decrease in GFR from 45 to 59 ml/min/1.73 m2 was found in 37 patients, in 24 patients there was a pronounced decrease in GFR - below 45 ml/min/1.73m2. The correlation of the degree of nocturnal decline was revealed SBP and DBP with GFR. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed an independent relationship between the decrease in GFR of less than 45 ml/min/1.73m2 and the degree of nocturnal decrease in SBP and DBP. The results of the study indicate significant violations of the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in patients with CHF associated with CKD. </p> Yarmatov Suvon Totlibayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 582 588 10.17605/OSF.IO/Q6TD7 THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER DEPENDING ON THE TONE OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1567 <p>Currently, much attention is paid in medicine to the study of the quality of life (QOL) of patients. Being investigated the relationship between QOL and the course of the disease, the characteristics of the patient's personality. The presented study involved 139 patients with cirrhosis of the liver (CP). With the help of questionnaires independently filled out by patients, QOL was assessed depending on the tone of the autonomic nervous system. As a result of observation, it was found that vegetative imbalance in patients with cirrhosis of the liver with a predominance of parasympathetic influences worsens QOL indicators in the areas of energy, pain and emotional reactions.</p> Yarmatov Suvon Totlibayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 589 596 10.17605/OSF.IO/2N5SD APPLICATIONS THE DRUG NICOMEX AT TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE AND TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1568 <p>An open prospective randomized 16-week study was conducted to study the effect of the drug Nicomex as part of combination therapy in patients with CHF and type 2 diabetes on structural and functional parameters of the liver. The hepatoprotective capabilities of the drug Nicomex have been demonstrated: a significant decrease in the severity of cytolysis, cholestasis, steatosis index, the ability to reduce the severity of structural changes in the liver according to ultrasound. The noted hepatoprotective effects are mediated by the effect of the drug Nicomex on the processes of lipid peroxidation, the activity of antioxidant defense enzymes, and a decrease in the manifestation of chronic systemic inflammation. The use of the drug Nicomex contributes to a more pronounced combined hypolipidemic effect, and also reduces the severity of insulin resistance. The noted hepatoprotective effects of the drug Nicomex improve not only metabolic processes in the liver, but also can significantly change the cardiovascular risk in this category of patients.</p> Normatov Murod Buribayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 597 605 10.17605/OSF.IO/2SDQZ EPIDEMIOLOGY AND FEATURES OF ESSENTIAL THERAPY HYPERTENSION IN PREGNANT WOMEN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1569 <p>The article analyzes the prevalence of arterial hypertension in pregnant women and complications of antihypertensive therapy based on the materials of the 1st clinic of the SAMMI In the VIII Work Program of the World Health Organization, hypertensive conditions during pregnancy are called "one of the leading problems of world health" [4]. According to WHO, hypertensive syndrome is the second cause of maternal mortality after embolism. The frequency of hypertensive conditions in pregnant women in various regions of Russia ranges from 7 to 29% [6]. Such ambiguity of the statistical assessment is due to the lack of a complete and exhaustive classification of hypertensive conditions during pregnancy, since there are no uniform criteria and classification signs, there is no single terminological base (for example, to denote the same process in Russia, many European countries use the term gestosis, in the USA and Great Britain – preeclampsia, in Japan – toxemia). </p> Kamolova Diyora Jamshedovna Khusainova Munira Alisherovna Makhmudova Khanuza Davranovna Gafforov Xudoyor Xudoyberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 606 611 10.17605/OSF.IO/ZR8WX CLINICAL CASE OF DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY IN A GIRL https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1570 <p>The article describes a clinical case of DCMP in a girl, complicated by the formation of a blood clot and heart rhythm disturbance by the type of ventricular extrasystole, Itsenko-Cushing's syndrome and chronic gastritis. The abolition of corticosteroids, the appointment of anticoagulant therapy with heparin and warfarin, the regular intake of drugs for the treatment of chronic heart failure led to thrombus lysis, restoration of normal heart rhythm, a decrease in the size of the left ventricle and an increase in EF from 28 to 42%.</p> Shadieva Halima Nuridinovna Khaidarova Sarvinoz Khaydarzhonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 612 615 10.17605/OSF.IO/Z289S COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND UZBEK PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS ACCORDING TO CULTURAL FEATURES (on the example of the theme “Marriage”) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1571 <p>Language is a cultural system's arbitrary and customary symbolic resource. While it identifies speakers' various beliefs and worldviews, it also causes a lot of conflict in communication. As a result, academics have long strived to comprehend the function of language in human communication. To investigate language and culture, communication scholars, as well as those from other disciplines (e.g., linguistics, anthropology, psychology, and sociology), depend on each other's work.</p> Kholbaeva Komila Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 616 619 10.17605/OSF.IO/MTA8U TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING IN THE TRAINING OF SPECIALISTS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES (SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY) ON THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1572 <p>In this article, the innovative forms of training (training, round table, interactive lecture, interactive lecture, videoconference, virtual lecture, virtual lecture, etc.) are developed to improve the effectiveness of training specialists of alternative energy sources (solar and wind energy) on the basis of innovative technologies of Education.) such issues will find their own solution.</p> Yuldashev Farrukhjon Murod ogli Yuldashev Javohir Murod ogli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 620 625 10.17605/OSF.IO/M8JQ5 AS A MODERN VIEW OF COMMUNICATION CULTURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1573 <p>The current article discusses special features of culture of communication and other priorities of interaction among people and gender. The article covers not only types of interaction but also effectiveness of politeness in the speech etiquette. The modern form of communication culture is etiquette. Etiquette, a person's external culture, reflects the rules of behavior in dealing with people. Etiquette is a broad concept that, in a sense, encompasses universally accepted rules of conduct.</p> Dadabayeva Hayotxon Faxriddin qizi Egamberdiyeva Mohidil G`ulomjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 626 629 10.17605/OSF.IO/KXQ2Y CONTENT OF FACTORS DETERMINING THE EFFICIENCY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1574 <p>This article discusses the content of the factors that determine the effectiveness of learning activities for primary school students. The worldview emerges as the context of the conceptual interpretation of the value relationship of the individual, the behavior as the norm, and the value relationship as the invariant to the system. In this way, the spiritual management of the knowledge of existence and the personal value approach is directed, and the content determines the behavior and attitudes of the individual. Therefore, education can be seen as a process of internalization of socially-organized universal values.</p> Dilfuza Shabbazova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 3 5 630 636 10.17605/OSF.IO/5M4QR THE EFFECT OF STUDY MOTIVATION ON THE FORMATION OF A POSITIVE ATTITUDE TO STUDENT DURING STUDENT PERIOD https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1575 <p>The article puts forward ideas about the psychological laws and characteristics, criteria, factors that affect the formation of learning motivation in the student period. It was also noted that the development of learning motives and motivation in the personality of the student is a factor that stimulates their attitude to learning. In particular, the fact that the content of education is fully understood by the student is explained to serve to strengthen his desire for knowledge.</p> Sultanova Saida Muhiddin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 637 642 10.17605/OSF.IO/SWGJH THE IMPORTANCE OF LAUGHTER IN ASKIA https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1576 <p>Askiya (from the Arabic "azkiya", literally "smart, resourceful") is a unique genre of folk art and folklore that has formed and is widespread in the Fergana Valley and Tashkent region. Developing over the centuries, it has reached the level of art. And it was the inhabitants of these regions who took an active part in the performances of "Askia". The article discusses the role and meaning of laughter in askia.</p> Khalbutaev Gayratbek Oybek oglu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 643 646 10.17605/OSF.IO/K6UNF KHIVA “TIPOLITOGRAPHY OF THE KHAN” OR HISTORY OF THE FIRST PRINTING HOUSE IN CENTRAL ASIA https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1577 <p>If we look at the history of Central Asian printing, we can see that by the beginning of the 20th century, there were 90 printing houses in Central Asia. The history of Khiva printing, writing and calligraphy in the pre-printing period, the art of books, the type of ink, paper required for this field, the origin of printing and its place in the cultural environment of the khanate, the activities of printing houses are also related to historical processes.</p> M.M. Matyakubova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 647 654 10.17605/OSF.IO/GCTNY GAME TECHNOLOGY IN PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1578 <p>At present, pedagogical technologies and interactive methods are widely used in the preschool education system. One of the most pressing issues facing the science of pedagogy is to convey the essence, basic principles, laws of these technologies, ways of their effective use to educators and teachers.</p> Turopova Rano Barat kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 655 659 10.17605/OSF.IO/8D6JM RUSSIAN LANGUAGE: YESTERDAY, TODAY AND TOMORROW https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1579 <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">The scientific article examines the role and significance of the Russian language in the past, present and future tense, its origin and development. The development of language reflects the development of human thinking, so studying the language helps to understand how the worldview of ancient people changed in those times from which there is no direct written evidence. In order to reveal the content of the article, the opinions of many scientists about the Russian language were studied.</p> Kommuna Khursanovna Umurzakova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 660 664 10.17605/OSF.IO/2MSXZ FRENCH PHRASEOLOGICAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD AS A LINGUISTIC PHENOMENON OF NATIONAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1580 <p>This article examines the relationship of phrasal verbs to the phenomenon of nation or people and the in-depth study of them by scholars.There are also detailed views on the stages of development and the impact of changes in them on language phenomen.</p> Aliyeva G.T Khayrullaeva A.Y Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 665 670 10.17605/OSF.IO/B96U3 THE USE OF CREATIVE GAMES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1581 <p>The ways of conducting didactic games on the use of creative games in the educational process for children of senior preschool age are described. Recommendations on the use of practical didactic games are given. The relevance of an innovative approach to acquiring gaming skills in older preschoolers is still relevant today, expanding the scope of theoretical and scientific limitations and understanding of this concept.</p> Umarova Mekhriniso Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 671 673 10.17605/OSF.IO/PAJMD THE BEHAVIORS OF CHILDREN IN THE FAMILY AND ITS FORMATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1582 <p>The article talks about the role of parents in family education and the state of children. Local literature was used to cover the topic of the article.</p> Atamurodova J. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 674 681 10.17605/OSF.IO/U6NPM APPLICATION OF PR TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION(On the Example of Journalistic Education) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1583 <p>The article talks about the application of PR theology in education and their advantages, the concept of PR theology and its essence. Taking into account that the level of study of the subject in our country is now developing, more and more foreign sources have been relied on to cover the topic of the article. The conclusions from the article can be used in order to increase the effectiveness in teaching journalism students in higher education.</p> Ramanova Gulnoza Ibragimovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 682 686 10.17605/OSF.IO/RXWJT THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF USING COHESION IN DISCOURSE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1584 <p>This paper looks back at the definitions of cohesion and coherence, the relationship between the two, and relevant theories. Though cohesion and coherence research has made great achievement, for various reasons, there is little consensus to the nature of coherence and coherence research approaches. Accordingly, the main theoretical framework of the present study is established on the foundation of Haliday and Hasan’s cohesive devices, Halliday’s two metafunctional notions in SystemicFunctional Grammar—thematic structure and information structure, van Dijk’s propositional macrostructure and Hasan’s generic structure.</p> Khaydarova Yulduzkhon Abdusalomovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 687 693 10.17605/OSF.IO/MGU5K METHODOLOGY OF USING THREE-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN CAPABILITIES OF AN OBJECT USING COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1585 <p>In this article, we will examine the different areas of application of AutoCad software and Autodesk software in computer technology and analyze the capabilities of systems, three-dimensional modeling and visualization software in automated design.</p> Khamidov Dilshod Olimjon son Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 694 701 10.17605/OSF.IO/7HAZ2 METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND ASSEMBLY DRAWING IN TEACHING STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1586 <p>This article provides methodological recommendations on the effectiveness of the use of more visual aids in teaching mechanical engineering and assembly drawings in the teaching of drawing to students.</p> Diyorova Feruza Umbarovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 702 707 10.17605/OSF.IO/5P4AD NEW THINKING AND SOCIAL PROGRESS IN THE SCIENTIFIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL HERITAGE OF CENTRAL ASIAN THINKERS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1589 <p>This article covers the creation of innovative ideas in the scientific and philosophical heritage of scientists living in Central Asia and their importance in the development of science. In addition, the social thoughts of scientists and their impact on the development of society were analyzed.</p> Shoira Toshmuradovna Kubaeva Abduraimov Eldar Kurbanbai ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 708 713 10.17605/OSF.IO/SJK7W INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND NEIGHBORHOOD POLICY OF UZBEKISTAN AND TAJIKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1590 <p>The peoples of Central Asia are united by centuries-old spirit of brotherhood, common history, spiritual and cultural values, common language and mentality. In other words, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan have always supported each other like the five fingers of one hand. The sustainable development and prosperous future of our peoples with a common historical heritage are inseparable.In the foreign policy of modern Uzbekistan, concrete measures have been taken in recent years to further strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation, long-term and multifaceted partnership with all countries of the world. Neighborhood policy, economic and cooperation relations are widely covered.</p> Shavqatulloyev Do`stmuhammad Toshboltayev Zarif Shuhrat o`g`li Jo`ramurodov Islombek Gulshanbek o`g`li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 714 719 10.17605/OSF.IO/WCKGA CURRENT PROBLEMS OF INCREASING SOCIAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS IN CONDITIONS OF THE THIRD RENAISSANCE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1592 <p>The article deals with topical issues for modern society - increasing social activity and leadership qualities as an effective way to implement human capital by holding one-day seminar-trainings among students.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Bakieva G.Kh. Sharipov D.D. Khushvaktova H.S Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 720 724 10.17605/OSF.IO/P8DBF JUSTIFICATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF THE WORKING AREA OF THE QUARRY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1593 <p>The working area of the quarry corresponds to that part of it in which the main production processes are carried out, i.e. a set of ledges that are in simultaneous development. As mining progresses, the working area expands from the initial size of the split trench until its upper edge reaches the final contour of the quarry at the surface level. The development of the working area in depth continues until the final depth of the quarry is reached by mining operations.</p> Abdusamtova Nodira Saydulla kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 3 5 725 730 10.17605/OSF.IO/EJNRM DEVELOPMENT OF SPEECH COMPETENCE AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF A FUTURE TEACHER (On the example of teachers of preschool educational institutions) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1594 <p>The article talks about the formation and development of speech-based competences in future pedagogues in higher educational institutions and their actual importance in the science of today's zmaon. in the coverage of the topic of the article, local and foreign literature on this topic was used. Comparative and cross-sectional research methods were used in order to reveal the mvzus of the article.</p> Khamroeva Ezozxon Muzaffarovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 731 735 10.17605/OSF.IO/A4VYM THE IMPORTANCE OF "LANGUAGE CULTURE" AND "SPEECH CULTURE" IN SPEAKING PROFESSIONAL https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1595 <p>This article discusses the application of professional norms in the development of field-specific spoken language culture and speech culture in the process of use in speech by professionals.</p> Murtazaeva Aisafar Bazarkulovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 736 740 10.17605/OSF.IO/JYHCT PHYTONEMATODES APPLE TREE (Malus domestica L.) OF SURKHANDARYA REGION OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1596 <p>The article provides data on the fauna and the distribution of phytonematodes in the root soil and root system of apple plants in the conditions of the Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan. As a result of the research, 33 species of plant nematodes belonging to 22 genera, 15 families, 4 orders and 2 subclasses were identified. The species of Chiloplacus sclerovaginatus, Ch. quintastriatus, Panagrolaimus rigidus, Aphelenchus avenae, Aphelenchoides parietinus, A. composticola, A. blasthophthorus, A. graminis, Helicotylenchus erythrinae, Pratylenchus pratensis and Ditylenchus dipsaci dominated in the fauna of phytonematodes in apple trees.</p> Yaxshiboyeva Maftuna Xolmurat qizi Muhammadiyeva Lojuvard Abduraxmon qizi Bekmurodov Abdujabbor Sattorovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 741 745 10.17605/OSF.IO/QSVU7 PHYTONEMATODES OF SOME FRUIT TREES IN THE SURKHANDARYA REGION OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1597 <p>The article provides data on the fauna, taxonomic composition and distribution of plant nematodes of fruit trees in the conditions of the Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan. As a result of the study, 35 species of plant nematodes belonging to 24 genera, 15 families, 4 orders and 2 subclasses were registered in the root system and rhizosphere of some fruit trees (apricot, peach).</p> Topilova Saodat Kamoliddin qizi Normatova Dildora Ergashali qizi Bekmurodov Abdujabbor Sattorovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 746 749 10.17605/OSF.IO/4BX7Z IMPORTANCE AND USAGE OF INTONATION IN ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1598 <p>Language can perform its function as the most important means of human intercourse only as a language of sounds. Phonetics studies speech sounds and it’s a branch of linguistics. This article gives information about one of the main part of suprsegmental feature of intonation. Intonation or the pitch pattern of a voice is important in spoken English because it conveys meaning in many ways. In this episode and the accompanying study notes we will learn about intonation, stress and rhythm patterns and how their correct use is vital for speaking English naturally and fluently.</p> Kholkhojaeva Shokhsanam Nazirkhoja qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 750 754 10.17605/OSF.IO/9FWN6 IMPROVING THE ACCOUNTING OF FINANCIAL RESULTS IN BUDGET ORGANIZATIONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1599 <p>This article describes the fundamentals ,features and current examples of the formation and accounting off-budjet funds of state-financed organisations.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Toshimov Azizbek Hakimovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 755 759 10.17605/OSF.IO/S76RG METHODS OF MAKING EXPERIMENTS IN A SCHOOL CHEMISTRY COURSE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1600 <p>This article presents the theoretical basis of the methods of applying the experience of pedagogical skills of the pedagogical teacher in the teaching of chemistry.</p> Sh. R. Sharipov Sh. I. Umarov Sh. I. Mamadiyorov N. Bazorova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 760 767 10.17605/OSF.IO/TJ738 STRUCTURE OF ARTIFICIALLY GROWN QUEEN BEE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1601 <p>To increase the productivity of a bee colony, it is especially important to apply the technology of artificial breeding of bees in beekeeping, to introduce it into breeding farms that produce bees. Until now, many beekeeping farms in the Bukhara region did not pay attention to this technology. As a result, the instinct of migrating separation is retained in the brain of such migrating queens, and they are often prone to migratory separation, which has a significant negative impact on the productivity of the family. The biotechnology of artificial highly productive beekeeping will be developed on a scientific basis for the first time and will be improved by new developments.</p> Azizova Nodira Abduvakhitovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 768 773 10.17605/OSF.IO/5RVKP DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ESP AND EGP https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1602 <p>This article aims to explore the differences and similarities in the roles of English</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Pardabaev Zukhriddin Isroilova Dilrabo Azimjon kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 774 777 10.17605/OSF.IO/PDUCJ THE MOVE AWAY FROM THE HUMAN FACTOR AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITALIZATION IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO COMBAT CORRUPTION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1603 <p>The article considers the main aspects of the introduction of digitalization</p> <p> </p> Ismoyilov Masud Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 778 782 10.17605/OSF.IO/NK6G3 MORPHOLOGICAL ERRORS IN THE MEDIA OF UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1604 <p>In this paper, the norms were considered, mainly morphological errors that were made in the media of Uzbekistan. What do we observe in modern republican newspapers? The picture, to put it bluntly, is bleak. It is enough to open any issue of the newspaper to find a whole scattering of various errors. Of course, errors sharply reduce the quality of the language of the media, but they are not inherent in its nature. Its potential is great. The language of the media in its best examples has an exceptional influence on the literary language and culture in general.</p> D. K. Shadiyeva Rakhmonov Umid Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 783 787 10.17605/OSF.IO/AW9KZ DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW METHOD OF CONNECTING CONVEYOR BELTS IN MINING ENTERPRISES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1605 <p>This article presents the methods of connecting conveyor belts used in mining enterprises, developed new methods for connecting conveyor belts. In addition, the disadvantages of the current connection method are also mentioned. The methodology for conducting experimental studies using newly developed methods and the preliminary results obtained are also presented.</p> Polvonov Nurbek Omonboyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 788 797 10.17605/OSF.IO/MQS3E THE STATE OF THE ERYTHRON SYSTEM IN ACUTE PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1606 <p>Changes in the erythron system in acute pneumonia in children occurring against the background of iron deficiency anemia of varying degrees determine the severity of the underlying disease. Using phase-contrast microscopy, morphological changes in erythrocytes, life expectancy, average size and its functional state were studied, which confirm the relationship between the severity and clinical course of the disease. Identification of common pathogenetic mechanisms of the formation of these pathological conditions allows us to optimize the ongoing treatment.</p> Jalilov A. Kh Uralov Sh. M. Achilova F. A. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 798 808 10.17605/OSF.IO/UVAP9 MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF E-LEARNING IN UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1607 <p>The article examines the current state of e-learning in our country, its legality and prospects for development. Tirishga the reasons for the development of e-learning and the factors against its prevalence were identified. On the example of the Coursera project, created by leading US universities, modern trends in the distribution of e-learning projects and the conditions of its development are studied.</p> Yusupova Feruza Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 3 5 809 811 10.17605/OSF.IO/59FET A SHEIKH RECOGNIZED BY THE MONGOLS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1608 <p>This article describes the scientific and creative work of Sheikh Bokhari, one of the leading scholars of Islamic theology. The article also highlights the historical significance of Sheikh Bokharzi's work in the field of reviving science in Bukhara after the Mongol invasion.</p> Azizkulov Akram Abdurahmonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 812 816 10.17605/OSF.IO/9ZW8A THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE SKILLS THROUGH INTRODUCING PRESCHOOL CHILDREN TO FINE LITERATURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1609 <p>The family environment plays a key role in the development of creative abilities of preschool children. Early detection and development of children's creative abilities is the main task of modern education. The extent to which opportunities for their development are used depends in many respects on the creative potential of adults, ensuring the further development of science and culture, scientific and technological progress, production and social life. Their effective development can be achieved through the joint efforts of family and preschool education organizations.</p> Gafforova Hurriyat Yangiboyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 817 820 10.17605/OSF.IO/NKFM5 DISCLOSURE OF USED MATERIALS ON THE SUBJECT OF SEPARATE COMPOUNDS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1610 <p>This article discusses the differentiating compounds and their types, assignments and visual aids used to provide insights into the learning process.</p> Jumayeva Nodira Narzulla qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 821 826 10.17605/OSF.IO/QA5DF EDUCATIONAL REFORMS: NEW TYPE ACADEMIC LYCEUMS LAUNCHED (UZBEKISTAN) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1611 <p>The article discusses the reforms in the field of education in New Uzbekistan, in particular, the restoration of two-year academic lyceums in the education system of the republic from the 2021/2022 academic year. The order of admission and the content of teaching students in academic lyceums of a new type, the requirements for graduates have changed radically. In order to improve the quality of education in academic lyceums, the widespread use of advanced pedagogical methods, information and communication technologies in the educational process and the creation of the necessary conditions for this, study groups of no more than 26 students have been formed. The article discusses in detail these and other important changes in the system of academic lyceums.</p> Pirnafas Kholikulov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 827 834 10.17605/OSF.IO/2HU3K THE SECRET OF SUCCESSFUL TEACHERS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1612 <p>This article shows some difficulties which can appear during the teaching of language. The writer wanted to show how to overcome these difficulties and how to make the lesson more enjoyable. Teachers should select appropriate material and be creative to deliver this material to the learners.</p> Ishanhodjaeva Feruza Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 835 838 10.17605/OSF.IO/4GSF5 COMPLEX THERAPY OF GIAMBLIASIS IN CHILDREN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1613 <p>Giardiasis is an urgent problem in children, since its clinical manifestations are often masked by various types of gastroenterological pathology, including functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, aggravating their course, syndromes of excessive growth of intestinal microflora in the small intestine, malabsorption, multivitamin deficiency, as well as the development of allergic diseases. - recurrent urticaria, atopic dermatitis, which, without adequate therapy, acquire a relapsing course. At the same time, the lack of verification of the diagnosis does not allow for adequate therapy.</p> Ibatova Sh. M. Islamova D.S. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 839 843 10.17605/OSF.IO/D7TQG PROBLEMS OF EMPLOYMENT IN ANDIZHAN REGION AND WAYS TO SOLVE IT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1614 <p>It is known that the characteristics of the transition to a market economy are profound structural changes in the economy, reduction in production, rising unemployment, inflation and others.The above negatives are common contradictions inherent in the transition period. These contradictions can be manifested to varying degrees, depending on the specific socio-economic situation of each country going through the transition period.</p> Voxidov Azamjon Kozimovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 844 848 10.17605/OSF.IO/JMZR6 THE ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MODULAR-CREDIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1615 <p>In the Republic of Uzbekistan, the quality of student education has always been an urgent problem. In recent years, in our country, special attention has been paid to the training of highly qualified specialists, and information technology is the main factor in the development of society. Teaching students and achieving a high level of specialization depends on the effective use of available information.In a higher educational institution, a student should not only know the curriculum, but also have the opportunity to independently study innovations in the educational process, and in the future it is especially necessary to constantly update the acquired skills in the process of work, increasing the level of professionalism along with innovations [1-5,8].</p> Ibatova Sh. M. Mamatkulova F. Kh. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 849 852 10.17605/OSF.IO/PJC6B PRE-COLONIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INTRODUCED DURING THE TSARIST RUSSIA IN ANDIJAN UEZDI https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1616 <p>The structure of the militarized administrative apparatus introduced in the Andijan district during the years of the Russian tsar's rule, from the establishment of the district to the establishment of the Soviet totalitarian regime, is shown on the basis of historical sources.</p> Bozorov Qosimjon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 853 857 10.17605/OSF.IO/Z93PJ THE IMPORTANCE OF USING CENSUS DATA IN DETERMINING THE LOW POPULATION IN THE COUNTRY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1617 <p>After gaining independence, Uzbekistan inherited a number of serious problems from the former Soviet Union. Such problems include employment, income, material and intangible benefits, social and economic needs, the poor and their social protection, environmental degradation, and declining production.One of the most pressing issues is the existence of low-income people in this society and their social protection.Low income is a condition that occurs due to the lack of material resources to lead a normal life, which is typical of a large part of human society. This situation is common to all societies, regardless of their form, structure and level of socio-economic development.</p> Mamasoliev Gayratbek Maxamadyusupovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 858 866 10.17605/OSF.IO/QF5ZR THE IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH TEACHING METHODS IN PRIMARY EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1618 <p>The article discusses the gist of new technologies in foreign language education in primary schools. Also recommended are participatory ways of education and teachers' appropriate competencies.</p> Erkinova Aziza Erkin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 867 871 10.17605/OSF.IO/QT5VX USING COMMUNICATIVE METHOD OF TEACHING SPEECH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1619 <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%; background: white; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Georgia',serif;">Language came into life as a means of communication. It exists and is alive only through speech. When we speak about teaching a foreign language, we first of all have in mind teaching it as a means of communication.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%; background: white; vertical-align: baseline;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Georgia',serif;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> Djuraeva Mokhira Tursunovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 872 876 10.17605/OSF.IO/B4GKD USING ONLINE APP FOR TEACHING ENGLISH SPEAKING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1620 <p>Teaching speaking skills to intermediate or advanced language students is relatively easy. many teachers may get stuck when it comes to planning lessons aiming at getting their students to speak, where the students are beginners. the truth is that many language teachers take it for granted their beginner students can’t actually take part in a conversation because of the lack in vocabulary and knowledge of the grammar. well, that is a myth.</p> Djuraeva Mokhira Tursunovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 887 881 10.17605/OSF.IO/26EYM EFFECTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF GERMAN) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1621 <p>There is a growing interest in the application of innovative technologies in the educational process of interactive methods in the educational process, one of the reasons for which is that so far traditional students are taught only to acquire readymade knowledge , and in modern technology, it teaches them to independently search for and analyze the knowledge they have acquired, and to draw their own conclusions.<br><br></p> Mansurova Gulbaxor Maxdievna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 882 886 10.17605/OSF.IO/CXN52 THE ROLE OF INTERACTIVE METHODS IN TEACHING SPEAKING https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1622 <p>This article is about interactive learning - a modern way of learning, which consists in the interaction of all participants in the educational process: teachers and students. Today, this method of teaching is widely used everywhere: in schools, universities, courses and trainings, because this technique is extremely effective not only in terms of gaining knowledge, but also in terms of the formation of personal skills and the development of the character of students.</p> Shodiyeva Nasiba Nurtosh qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 887 889 10.17605/OSF.IO/CPZUA REFLECTIONS OF PHRASEOLOGISMS IN UZBEK FOLKTALES IN DIRECT TRANSLATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1623 <p>There are more toponymical and historical legends among the legends translated rom Uzbek to English so far. Because people from all over the world are fascinated by our country's geographical location, the beauty of paradise, and the fortitude and valor of our forefathers. Legends are written in a basic and compact format, such as myths, legends, and narrations, in a short and concise book. It was discovered that not only their substance, but also their basic and concise format made it easy for translators to work with them, resulting in the translation of several samples. Because it is easier to grasp and translate a shorter text. This article discusses phraseologisms and their reflections in Uzbek folk stories.</p> Nazarova Feruza Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 890 894 10.17605/OSF.IO/278T9 ANALYSIS OF TRANSLATION THE LEGAL TERMS FROM ENGLISH INTO UZBEK https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1624 <p>This paper investigates the issues of translating English terminology in legal texts into Uzbek, based on the view of translation as a process of convergence of national and cultural conceptospheres. The characteristics of legal language and professional communication in the field of law are examined, as well as the particular of legal translation and the challenges of translating legal terminology.</p> Shodmonova Mukhayyo Qurbonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 895 898 10.17605/OSF.IO/M64XG MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1625 <p>By the end of the twentieth century, the status of a language of World importance in English was finally strengthened. Today, the skills of knowing foreign languages are becoming an integral part of professional education. Since the indicator of cooperation with foreign partners in specialists in various fields is high, the demand for language learning in them is high. In this article, several methods of effective learning of English, as well as several of the modern educational technologies used in the study of the language and its study, are covered.</p> Ayupova Dilbar Ikromovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 899 903 10.17605/OSF.IO/C94MR NON LINGUISTIC SPECIALIZED STUDENTS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS CULTURE IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1626 <p>In this article, The Specialization in Human Talent Management program conceives the definition of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) as a proactive approach to the strategic relationship between people and business processes. It also presents as its most relevant characteristic, the recognition of people as essential elements for the success of the company because they can be a source of sustainable competitive advantage for it. It is understood that those responsible for human resources are not only involved in the processes management in their area, but also in all those with repercussions for the company as a whole.</p> Kalandarova Safiya Tokhirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 904 907 10.17605/OSF.IO/CZUY3 ON THE ISSUE OF SETTING THE PRONUNCIATION OF EMPHATIC CONSONANTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1627 <p>As we know, at one of the first stages in teaching Arabic pronunciation, students and teachers are faced with a phenomenon such as linguistic or interlanguage interference. As a result, some specific errors appear in the students ’speech, which impedes the formation of certain skills and abilities for the correct articulation of difficult-to-pronounce phonemes. The proposed article is devoted to the study of this phenomenon and the causes of its occurrence.</p> Ismailova Yulduz Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 908 913 10.17605/OSF.IO/JNTQ7 PRIORITY AREAS OF SOCIAL PROTECTION OF THE POPULATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1628 <p>This article analyzes the priority areas of social protection of the population during the current context of the coronavirus pandemic in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The researches have been conducted based on the both local and global official statistics.</p> Khusanov Bakhodir Sheraliyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 914 917 10.17605/OSF.IO/CXWVS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF PEDAGOGICAL PROCESSES REFLEXIVE APPROACH AND ITS ESSENCE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1629 <p>In this article, on the basis of the elementary concepts of students and pupils in the pedagogical processes, it is said that in order to ensure their activity, the formation of the subjects ' degradation in relation to the concepts studied, and in the process of a reflexive approach encourage students to analytical activities, and in relation to the development of reflexion in them.</p> G.N. Chodieva Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 918 922 10.17605/OSF.IO/QRS9Z THE TRADITION OF THE GOTHIC NOVEL IN ENGLISH LITERATURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1630 <p>The Article devoted entirely to the Gothic fate beyond this time period are usually only lists of books and authors, descriptions of plots without comparative analysis, and there is often no agreement among scholars as to whether a particular novel is Gothic or not. The relevance of the article is determined by the fact that in foreign and domestic literary studies the theme of continuity of fiction effects of the "gothic" novel has been little explored.</p> Khabibova Shakhnoza Ismatullayevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 923 928 10.17605/OSF.IO/3MHK8 METHODOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT STUDENT WORK IN THE DESIGN FORM https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1631 <p>This article addresses issues in organizing independent student work. The author defines the term “independence”, discusses the concepts of independent learner work and independent learner work under the guidance of an instructor, proposes a classification of assignments to be done independently, and provides methodological recommendations as to the organization of independent student work.</p> Norboeva Firuza Raxmatullaevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 929 933 10.17605/OSF.IO/6M7JC COMPONENTS OF THE TECHNIQUE OF SERVING THE BALL FOR BOWLERS (SERVERS) IN CRICKET https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1632 <p>Cricket is a useful and exciting game that does not require special expensive accessories and special fundamentally equipped platforms. Basis games are natural movements: running, jumping, throwing the ball, etc. cricket game promotes physical development, instills in the players a sense of collectivism, forms fighting qualities.</p> Abdiev Bobir Botirovich (phd) Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 934 940 10.17605/OSF.IO/MERK2 IMPROVEMENT OF SPEECH OF STUDENTS IN ENGLISH AT LEVEL C 1. https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1633 <p>The level of English C 1 is the fifth level of knowledge of the language in the Pan-European CEFR system, a system for determining various language levels compiled by the Council of Europe. In everyday speech, this level can be called "advanced," the same description is used in EF SET. Students who know the language at this level can speak unaided and with great accuracy on a wide range of issues, as well as speak in almost any situation without any prior training.</p> Erkinova Aziza Erkin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 941 944 10.17605/OSF.IO/R5HME THE IMPORTANCE OF PHARMACEUTICAL ENTERPRISES IN THE CONDITIONS OF A PANDEMIC https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1634 <p>In the pharmaceutical industry, as in many others, the COVID-19 pandemic suddenly forced companies to operate differently. In-person meetings with colleagues became virtual, for instance, as did those with healthcare providers (HCPs)—if indeed HCPs had the time to engage with field representatives at all. And ways had to be found to make fast decisions, even though it was sometimes difficult to convene all those in the organization who would usually be part of the process.</p> Abdiyeva Flora Botir qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 945 948 10.17605/OSF.IO/KQDPG NEPHROPTOSIS OR RENAL FAILURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1635 <p>Nephroptosis is a fall of the kidneys. Congenital nephroptosis is caused by a weakening of the ligaments that hold the kidneys, while acquired nephroptosis is caused by an injury, sometimes very short-term weight loss, or by weakening of the abdominal wall muscles after pregnancy. In the first stage, when the lower part of the kidney is caught (in a healthy person, the kidney is not caught), in the second stage, the kidney is completely removed, and in the third stage, it is pushed in all directions. In the early stages of nephroptosis, the patient may feel almost nothing. Occasionally there is pain in the lower back, bladder, or bladder, especially in the kidneys, abdomen, or umbilicus.</p> Azizova Shoira Kayumovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 949 956 10.17605/OSF.IO/PT7VR DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN'S ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE ABILITIES IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING UZBEK FOLK APPLIED DECORATIVE ARTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1636 <p>This article discusses the development of artistic and creative abilities of preschool and primary school children in the process of teaching Uzbek folk arts and crafts. Also, the pedagogical conditions for the development of children's artistic and creative abilities were identified, taking into account the national traditions and values of the Uzbek folk arts and crafts.</p> Gulyamov Komiljon Makhmudovich Ikromov Muhammad Anasxon Hakimjon o'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 957 963 10.17605/OSF.IO/SXP52 USING INNOVATIVE METHODS IN TEACHING ENGLISH IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1637 <p>This article focuses on the level of using creative teaching methodologies in teaching English as studied. A series of qualitative methods such as using newspaper, media, movies, interpreting advertisements, and creating Sandblot can be employed in the classroom in order to develop students’ second language learning ability. The article focuses on how teaching methodologies should be modified and used in the classroom appropriately by understanding the learning capacity of students and their learning interest in the classroom.</p> Eshonkulov Ravshan Tokhirovich Abdubannaev Khusniddin Najmiddin ogli Nabiev Nosirjon Zoirjon ogli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 964 968 10.17605/OSF.IO/YRBWF METHODOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONAL ROAD NETWORK https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1638 <p>In the existing methods of designing and developing road networks, the prospective traffic intensity and road transport costs in the study area are taken as the main indicators. This approach is aimed at solving the problems of designing and developing the main networks of economically developed regions. This article describes a methodology for the development of remote areas of the region using socio-economic indicators of the development of the road network.</p> Abdimurot Urokovich Kuziev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 969 975 10.17605/OSF.IO/UR92A THE BINDING ENERGY OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE BIOLOGICAL TISSUE IN MOLECULES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1639 <p>The following was noticed in this study. The bond length in the molecules H-F, H-Cl, H-Br, H-I is 0.092; 0.128; 0.142; 0.162 nm, i.e. with an increase in the atomic number and size of the halogen atom, the length of its chemical bond with hydrogen increases accordingly. There are three main types of chemical bonds: metallic, covalent and ionic. The binding of metals occurs in metal crystals. The binding energy is determined for different molecules. It is known that with PDT, a photosensitizer is first injected into the tumor. The photosensitizer consists of organic elements.</p> A. Nekboev A. Kodirov H. Botirov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 976 982 10.17605/OSF.IO/B875W DESIGNING FRACTAL BUILDINGS USING ITERATIVE FUNCTION SYSTEMS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1640 <p>This article presents an approach to rapid analytical geometry and computer graphics used to create building projects using fractal forms. The system is fully integrated into the graphics processing unit and the results can be viewed in real time. Because the buildings are depicted as remote areas, high-quality modeling and image display or 3D computer graphics can be used to effectively see the results. Using the visual complexity of a class of fractals known as iterative function systems (IFS), it is possible to geometrically model complex fractal structures reminiscent of ornamental architectural styles such as Gothic and Baroque, with simpler rules than grammatical methods.</p> Berdiev Golib Rashidovich Djuraeva Madina Muxiddin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 983 992 10.17605/OSF.IO/UD2YX CREATION OF NON-TRADITIONAL METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH USING MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1641 <p>This article will focus on the creation of non-traditional methods of teaching English using modern information technologies. The author, relying on scientific data, analyzed the problem based on the available literature and studied its specifics on the creation of non-traditional methods of teaching English using modern information technologies.</p> Ismatova Mekhribon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 3 5 993 996 10.17605/OSF.IO/2Z3QW INDEPENDENT WORD LEARNING STRATEGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1643 <p>Myriad students all over the world fully benefit from independent based educational program. These students learn language through computer technologies and for this purpose independent learning can play an especially important role. The purpose of this article is increasing vocabulary knowledge with different ways as well as advances in knowledge will establish larger concepts of words and those who gain much achievement on this field will be master of language. Many students face such kind of problem hence; they just don’t know that many words. Most of the them rely on computer to learn words and consider to be favorite activities; an online reading program that integrates vocabulary activities into the curriculum can be an effective method to increase vocabulary. Traditionally, much vocabulary teaching method has involved the use of definitions--some combination of looking them up, writing them down, and memorizing them. Another commonly used method involves inferring the meaning of a new word from context.</p> Otamurodova Salomat Ahmedovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 997 1002 10.17605/OSF.IO/UXB6J THE EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC CRYOAPHERESIS ON CLINICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF HEMOPHILIA PATIENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1644 <p>The results of the analysis of the obtained laboratory data allow us to state that therapeutic cryoapheresis, introduced into the complex of therapy for patients with hemophilia, has practically no side effects on the patient's body. It should be noted that the use of this method in treatment helps to reduce the degree of anemia, eliminates the phenomenon of dysprotenemia while maintaining the function of liver cells.</p> Rabbimova Dilfuza Toshtemirovna Yusupov Fazliddin Tozhievich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 1003 1007 10.17605/OSF.IO/HN2GV UNIVERSITY TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN UZBEKISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1645 <p>The purpose of the research was to explore university teachers’ professional development in Uzbekistan and its current situations, containing problems and ways to improve it in Higher Education. Theoretical research framework was used to examine teachers’ professional development at universities. Online survey questionnaire and talking to teachers face to face were the main methods of collecting data at four Uzbek National universities from February to April in 2021. 112 teachers participated in research as respondents who filled the online questionnaire and 40 teachers were interviewed and the collected data was analyzed by SPSS software. The results indicated that teachers at universities were more likely to have a positive attitude towards PD.</p> Nurillo Jambilov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 1008 1014 10.17605/OSF.IO/S8VEF STATE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM OF PATIENTS WITH HEMOPHILIA https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1646 Rabbimova Dilfuza Toshtemirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 1015 1020 10.17605/OSF.IO/3DQZC REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF RECREATIONAL RESOURCES OF FERGANA REGION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1647 <p>Use of recreational resources of Fergana region, recreation-opportunities of tourist resources, ecotourism facilities, natural healing zones and mineral waters, recreation areas of the region and parks, infrastructure of recreational zones, etc.</p> Akbarov G’olibjon Alisherovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 1021 1025 10.17605/OSF.IO/TYFVK COMMUNICATIVE LINGUISTICS AS A BRANCH OF MODERN LINGUISTICS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1648 <p>This article is devoted to the emergence of communicative linguistics learning languages in real processes of interpersonal communication. The main tasks and directions of this branch of linguistics are considered. The important role of the functional approach to the language arising from the definition of its essence as a means of communication is emphasized.</p> Murtazaeva Fazilat Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 3 5 1026 1029 MULTILINGUALISM https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1649 <p>One of the basic principles of interpersonal contact in the world is language contact. Understanding the language and thoughts mediation vehicle has been subject to continuous development for decades. With the abolition of many frontiers, various limits and language barriers have been reduced. A more intense mixing of people naturally leads to a more intense mixing of languages. As such, we currently speak about the so-called multicultural society, a concept that has been gaining more and more attention. This of course is due to mutual interference of individual languages, particularly influencing the strong language by the not so strong language. Multilingualism has thus gradually become a natural trend in our globalized world and has probably been included as a natural part of social development among the logical circumstances.</p> Xudoyberdiyeva Zarina Eshmirza qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1030 1034 10.17605/OSF.IO/EKH5J ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL GAMES IN BIOLOGY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1650 <p>All the students studying in our republic have been comprehensively developed as an adult and have been determined the necessary conditions and measures aimed at creating opportunities and giving this result. The article covers the ways of using “Flash” technology in the organization of games on the basis of information technologies in the process of Biology Education.</p> R.N. Muminova M.A.Turgunova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1035 1037 10.17605/OSF.IO/TGKPN FACTORS FOR INCREASING CREATIVE ACTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1651 <p>This article highlights the importance of teaching technology, its important didactic elements, and its key functions to enhance the effectiveness of student learning, as well as the subjective aspects of pedagogical work to enhance students creativity in the learnin process.</p> Siddikova Sanobar Khaydarovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1038 1044 10.17605/OSF.IO/EZU8V SOME MOLECULAR GENETIC ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION OF PREDISPOSITION TO BRONCHIAL ASTHMA https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1652 Turdibekov Husan Ibragimovich Nizomov Bakhtiyor Urakovich Toshnazarov Shuxratillo Mizamovich Turkmanov Ma’mur Matmusaevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1045 1050 10.17605/OSF.IO/7KTC4 SECURITY OF SITES AND WEB APPS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1653 <p>The article describes the most common types of attacks and various vulnerabilities with which hackers manage to penetrate and hack a software product. The relevance of this topic is due to the fact that, despite the high progress in the field of system security, many systems, including websites, can still be hacked by intruders.</p> Salikhova Venera Karimdzhanovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1051 1053 10.17605/OSF.IO/AJUK5 THEORETICAL BASIS OF INSURANCE AND ITS FIELDS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1654 <p>This article examines the theoretical foundations of insurance and the formation of its branches. Insurance as a socio-economic institution has an interesting history of development, which dates back to ancient times, the emergence of civilization and the formation of the first signs of statehood. Also, scientific and theoretical research of foreign and local scientists who have studied the theoretical foundations of the formation of insurance and its branches.</p> Dinora Alisherovna Baratova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1054 1062 10.17605/OSF.IO/JC48U DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING CHEMISTRY IN SCHOOLS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1655 <p>This article explores research into the development of chemistry teaching methods in schools. You also need to be a well-rounded chemistry teacher. It is scientifically based on the need to know the age-appropriate psychology of children in addition to chemistry, chemical knowledge and practical methods. In addition, conclusions and recommendations for the development of methods of teaching chemistry in schools have been developed.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Sattarova Gulasal Shaberdiyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1063 1070 10.17605/OSF.IO/YJVUS THE LAST RULER OF THE BOBURIYS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1656 <p>In this article, the character, character, fighting skills of the last ruler of the Baburi dynasty, Bahodir Shah II, and the revolt of the Sipahis against British rule in his country, the children and ancestors of Bahadur Shah II who led it There is talk of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur Mirza's poetic ability.</p> Sobirov Jamshidbek Zokirjon Ogli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1071 1073 10.17605/OSF.IO/CJWHX THE MAIN CHARACTER-FEATURES OF THE LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC UNITS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1657 <p>The article discusses some of the controversies and misunderstandings in Uzbek linguistics due to the difference between the two states of existence of language, called language and speech, and discusses the main features of language and linguistic units.</p> Abdullayev J. Dexkanova L. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1074 1078 10.17605/OSF.IO/5EZP2 IMPROVING WAYS TO EMPLOY THE POPULATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1658 <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%; background: white;"><span style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Georgia',serif;">This article addresses the issues of improving employment. It is also scientifically based that the national goals and objectives in the field of sustainable development can achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth through effective and decent employment. Over the past 5 years, most processes in the labor sector have been digitized, labor statistics have been brought into line with ILO standards, its real indicators have been met, new forms of employment have been developed and widely used, transparency has been ensured and feasibility has been established.</span></p> Razikova Gulmira Sharifovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1079 1087 10.17605/OSF.IO/AXHWS ANALYSIS OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF TECHNOLOGY TEACHERS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE WORK IMPLEMENTED https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1659 <p>This article is about the formation of professional competence of technology teachers in higher education institutions and the analysis of the work done. In the pedagogical literature today, the terms “competence” and “competence” are widely used and stabilized. However, so far there is no single and correct idea of the concept of "competence" that can be applied to the optimal image of graduates of this or that stage of education.</p> Dilrabo Akhmedova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1088 1098 10.17605/OSF.IO/4MC7N "SUNANI TERMIZIY" DEVELOPMENT OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1660 <p>This article describes the content, essence, educational significance of the work of hadith scholar Isa Muhammad al-Termizi "Sunani Termizi" and its important aspects in educating the next generation. The ideas of the scientist, which for centuries have been a program for scientists and physicists promoting honesty and justice, humanity, are noteworthy in that they play an important role in solving many moral and spiritual problems of our complex times.</p> Jahongirova Farog‘at Sultanmurodova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-24 2022-05-24 3 5 1099 1106 10.17605/OSF.IO/PT3DH GENERAL CONCEPTS OF MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION. MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF STEROIDS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1661 <p>Recently, products of microbiological metabolism of simpler organic matter than steroids have also been proven to have practical implications. There are data on types of enzyme microbial exchange for the main classes of organic matter. Many microbiological transformation processes result in changes in the substrate molecule by single or multiple enzymes that are not so complex. But there are also microbiological processes that fundamentally change the structure of a compound that faces transformation.</p> Nurmukhamedova Vazira Zahriddinovna Niyozov Xasan Niyoz O’g’li Otajonov Asadbek Shonazar O’g’li Yusupov Axliddin O’tkir O’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1107 1112 10.17605/OSF.IO/W528N VALUE OF ULTRASONIC ELASTOMETRY IN DIAGNOSIS OF CHRONIC LIVER DISEASES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1662 <p>Ultrasound liver elastometry is important for determining diagnostic value in assessing liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease. 86 patients with liver diseases of various etiologies were under observation. Ultrasound elastometry was performed to assess the degree of fibrosis, and liver fibrosis was assessed using the Metavir system. When evaluating the results of ultrasonic elastometry in liver diseases of viral etiology using the Metavir system, the diagnostic accuracy of this method is 91%, the sensitivity is 100%. For patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the sensitivity of this method was relatively low. In chronic liver diseases, ultrasound elastometry allows you to determine the degree of fibrosis.</p> Shodiyeva Gulzoda Rabimkulovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1013 1017 10.17605/OSF.IO/GVPFW EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1663 <p>Logistics has undergone a transformative change in the last ten years, thanks to innovative technologies such as artificial intelligence, neural networks, and machine learning. It’s an industry shift drawn from the demand to increase delivery times, make products cheaper, and improve the way companies interact with the environment.</p> Mansurov Mahkamadyakub Kunduzovihc Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1118 1125 10.17605/OSF.IO/DTURB HISTORY OF TURON PLATE DEVELOPMENT AND OIL PRODUCTIVITY https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1664 <p>The article describes the history of tectonic development of the Turan plate region. It also describes the development of geosynclinal (foundation formation period) and platform (sediment formation period) stages. The oil and gas content of the Turan plate, including the oil and gas field of the Bukhara-Khiva oil and gas region, the potential oil and gas content of the Tayura fields are given.</p> Ahmedov Kholkhoja Rakhmatullaevich Usmonov Kuvonchbek Mannonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1126 1131 10.17605/OSF.IO/XC5ZB TO STUDY THE ELECTROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CDTE LAYER ON SILICON BASE AND THE EFFECT OF CREATED HETEROSTRUCTURE ON MOISTURE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1665 <p>In this article, we are talking about semiconductor materials science, creating heterostructures based on cadmium telluride films obtained on a Si substrate and obtaining contacts on the created system. The morphology of the obtained films, the number of elements in the films, their distribution, and the size of polycrystalline particles were studied using modern instruments. The change in the volt-ampere characteristics of the obtained heterostructures depending on the humidity has been studied.</p> I.B. Sapaev B. Sapaev A. Abduraxmonov N.N. Abdusattorov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1132 1137 10.17605/OSF.IO/NAQHM THE PROBLEM OF SEMANTIC FEATURES OF THE VERB AND DITRANSITIVE VERB IN MODERN ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1667 <p>This article discusses the problems of English and Chinese prepositions which find out similarities and dissimilarities of prepositions. It discusses general information about secondary parts of speech and its types.</p> Pazilova Nasibaxon Muhammadqosimovna Bai Yunqing Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1138 1148 10.17605/OSF.IO/DVEPS METHODS OF ORGANIZATION OF PRACTICAL EXERCISES IN PHYSICS LESSONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1668 <p>The article presents the methods for organizing practical classes in physics courses.</p> Raimov G’ayrat Fayzullaevich Nurmamatov Salohiddin Ergasheva Madina Choriev O’rol Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1149 1153 10.17605/OSF.IO/39KUN DUTIES AND CIVIL RESPONSIBILITY - AS A SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1669 <p>The article provides a socio-philosophical analysis of the need for the formation of duties and civic responsibility in our citizens in the process of building a democratic state governed by the rule of law and civil society. At present, attention is also paid to the issue of means and factors influencing the comprehensive formation of civic responsibility and duty.</p> Turatov Shuhrat Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1154 1156 10.17605/OSF.IO/VUE6B ALLOMORPHIC AND ISOMORPHIC FEATURES OF DITRANSITIVE VERBS IN ENGLISH AND THEIR UZBEK COUNTERPARTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1670 <p>This article deals with the problems of ditransitive verbs, isomorphic and allomorphic features of ditransitive verbs and and its characteristic features. It studies ditransitive verbs in English and their Uzbek counterparts.</p> Pazilova Nasiba Muhammadqosimovna Mahkamova Durdona Otabek qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1157 1162 10.17605/OSF.IO/7SYKN THE PROBLEM OF SEMANTIC FEATURES OF THE VERB AND DITRANSITIVE VERB IN MODERN ENGLISH https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1671 <p>This article deals with the problems of verbs, semantic features of the verbs and and its characteristic features. It studies verbs, its types, transitive, intransitive verbs, ditransitive verbs in English.</p> Pazilova Nasiba Muhammadqosimovna Mahkamova Durdona Otabek qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1163 1169 10.17605/OSF.IO/F2YGD TRANSLATION AND EXPERIENCE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1672 <p>The article analyzes the leading socio-philosophical features of the great German poet and thinker Heinrich Hayneijodi, their impact on Uzbek literature on the example of Abdullah Sher's translations.</p> X. Juraev A. Akbarov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1170 1173 10.17605/OSF.IO/D53NM LEPROA IN THE REPUBLIC OF KARAKALPAKSTAN: ISSUES OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ORGANIZATION OF THE FIGHT AGAINST THE DISEASE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1673 <p>The article deals with the epidemiology of leprosy. The author also notes that in the study of leprosy, much has not been finally clarified. The issues of the Karakalpak Republican Leper colony are considered.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Paluanov Yklas Daribaevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1174 1181 10.17605/OSF.IO/G74RE NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF HIGH-YIELDING CEREALS IN KARAKALPAKSTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1674 <p>Our country is one of the Central Asian countries in the cultivation and export of cereals. In particular, the cultivation of cereals in each region is one of the most important issues raised at the level of the state program. In this article, the author describes in detail how to grow cereals in the soil climate of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the specific complexity and importance of this process.</p> Kurbanbayeva Gulshad Sarsenbaevna Kosbergenova Bibinaz Muratbaevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1182 1185 10.17605/OSF.IO/ZD2VY PROBLEMS OF THE PRODUCTION OF MODIFIED FATS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1675 <p>The article provides an overview of the catalysts used to obtain modified fats. The main types of contacts are analyzed: the efficiency of dispersed copper-nickel catalysts promoted by palladium, platinum, and chromium is studied; supported copper-nickel catalysts and alloy catalysts are studied. The influence of such factors as composition, preparation methods, methods of modification on their activity, selectivity, and isomerizing ability is considered. The types of promoters and their classification are presented. It is shown that for the hydrogenation of vegetable. in particular. of cottonseed oils, alloyed nickel-aluminum catalysts with various additives are the most promising. The use of palladium, molybdenum, and rhodium as promoters in the hydrogenation of cottonseed oil and miscella improves the catalytic properties of these contacts.</p> Umirova Z. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1186 1193 10.17605/OSF.IO/AKHB3 ASSOCIATIVE ANALYSIS OF POSITIVE WORDS IN UZBEK LANGUAGE https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1676 <p>This article analyzes the associative study of positive words in the Uzbek language on the example of some lexemes, highlighting their specific features. The formation of syntactic connections through associative units, the relationship of associative field units are analyzed.</p> Akhmedova Nargiza Shikhnazarovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1194 1198 10.17605/OSF.IO/KPQZE IMPROVING ACCOUNTING FINANCIAL INVESTMENTS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1677 <p>The article critically evaluates the actions statutory provisions in the field of accounting for securities and other financial investments. Concrete suggestions for their improvement based on needs of modern business.</p> Umarova Shaxnoza Keldiyor qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 3 5 1199 1205 10.17605/OSF.IO/H6CXG LINGUISTIC PROBLEMS OF TRANSLATIING TERMS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1678 <p>This article provides a brief overview of the linguistic origin of translation related to unrelated languages and its today’s importance in linguistics due to explore different brunches of linguistics via translating of other literatures, its usage, analysis and specific features. As well as, this information is substantiated. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Choriyorova Tursunoy Mamatmo’minovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1206 1210 10.17605/OSF.IO/7MGS8 FEATURES OF PRIMARY DISABILITY IN PERSONS DIFFERENT AGES (on the example of the Republic of Uzbekistan) https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1679 <p>The paper presents an analysis of the primary disability of people of working and retirement age. Studied gender characteristics, causes, severity of disability in people of different ages.</p> M. U. Raxmatova J. J. Jalilov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1211 1215 10.17605/OSF.IO/ZXCH7 LEARNING STYLES OF MIXED ABILITY LANGUAGE LEARNERS AND HOW TO DEAL WITH IT https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1680 <p>Particular attention is focused on finding out which learning style is more popular and which one is more effective. There have been a great many of research in terms of achieving native like proficiency. It is interesting to know that there might be some people who almost mastered their target language&nbsp;&nbsp; while others cannot progress beyond a&nbsp;&nbsp; beginner or elementary level. One possible reason could be learners are quite different from each other and it is natural that each one has their own styles&nbsp;&nbsp; which they&nbsp;&nbsp; feel comfortable with. According to Cornet (1983) the language learning styles are the overall patterns that give general direction to learning behavior. In other words students learn&nbsp; differently &nbsp;from one&nbsp; another (Price, 1977) The term ‘learning style’ has been used to describe an individual’s natural, habitual and preferred way of absorbing, processing, and retaining new information and skills (Reid 1995)&nbsp; At some point in our lives we have seen or heard&nbsp; people unless they see something , they may fail to comprehend better, such people can be described as “visual” learners, or some of your friends told you that they can remember rules or important information&nbsp; best only when they accomplish such tasks through role-plays or physical action, which&nbsp; can be called as “kinesthetic” type of learners. There are LLs who can learn best by hearing which falls into “aural” style of leaning. Brown (2000) states that unlike factors such as age, gender, motivation, aptitude learning styles role is to explain why some L2 learners are more successful than others is has not been fully explained yet. In this small scale research, I want to observe LLs’ language acquisition process and their learning styles. Even though a good number of researches have been conducted into individual learner differences in SLA, very little known about more effective language acquirers’ learning styles.</p> Shaxnoza Tangirova Xusniddinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1216 1224 10.17605/OSF.IO/6J9NY CONNECTING LEARNERS’ PRIOR KNOWLEDGE WITH CLASSROOM https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1681 <p>This article emphasizes the importance of conducting research and how it helps learners to be better at digitally literate citizens in this ever rapidly growing high-tech era. In this article, one can infer that it is vital for educators to connect learners' background knowledge before introducing a new lesson to meet their expectations. Only when students can see personalization or connection between what they are going to study and what they have experienced so far in connection with the current material. It is no secret that these days mixed cultural students can be found in the same classroom where they have a diverse cultural specification, political views, social identities as well as languages. Therefore, much depends on teachers how to (re)construct the material in such a way that it can fulfill learners' demands.</p> Shaxnoza Tangirova Xusniddin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 1225 1228 10.17605/OSF.IO/CF6J4 TEACHING VOCABULARY FOR YOUNG LEARNERS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1682 <p>This article is devoted to the sphere of methodology and teaching. The main purpose of the article is analyzing the main games and activities of vocabulary that can be implemented for teaching young learners. The article is associated with different professor’s analysis and experience, such as psychologist M. Vohidov and methodologist J. Jalolov. All the activities have been analysed during the lessons.</p> Samatova Shaxzoda Ruzimurod qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-26 2022-05-26 3 5 1229 1231 10.17605/OSF.IO/NESW3 METHODS FOR DEVELOPING READING COMPETENCE IN GERMAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1683 <p>This article focuses on the methods of developing the German language reading competence, the importance of using these competences in the educational process.</p> Ergasheva Fatima Bakhrom Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-26 2022-05-26 3 5 1232 1234 10.17605/OSF.IO/XSZG9 THE IMPACT OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN ON THE INTERNAL POLITICAL SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1684 <p>The Main purpose of the article is to study the impact of economically, politically and militarily developed countries on the political system of Afghanistan in the pursuit of their goals based on the analysis of the scientific literature on the example of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In short, the study of the Pakistan factor from external factors influencing the processes in the AIR.<br>Today, the political situation in Afghanistan is shaped by external and internal factors that affect government. External factors include the influence of outside forces on Afghanistan's domestic political process. Formed in the second half of the XIX century under the name "Great Game", the geopolitical processes that continued in the XX century continue in the early XXI century under the name "New Great Game" on the basis of completely different goals and objectives.</p> Abdullayev Jamshid Izzatullayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-27 2022-05-27 3 5 1235 1238 10.17605/OSF.IO/7PEF5 THE PLOT- THE ESSENCE OF ROLE-PLAYING GAMES AND THEIR ROLE IN TEACHING MOTHER TONGUE LESSONS https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1685 <p>In this article, pupils&nbsp;&nbsp; focuse on their ideas orally and in writing through storytelling through the use of plot- role-playing games in elementary school native language lessons, to improve their skills and abilities, and to understand the nature of role-playing games and lessons. that is, the role of teaching in mother tongue lessons.</p> Zaynab Abdunazarova Almurod kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-26 2022-05-26 3 5 1239 1244 10.17605/OSF.IO/84GNX THE FORMATION OF LANGUAGE AS A SYSTEM https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1686 <p>In world linguistics, there are many ancient views on the relationship between language units, in particular, paradigmatics and syntagmatics, their features, different views, information about the contradictions between language units. In the first quarter of the last century, language gave rise to the view on the same basis, just as all phenomena in nature and society have their own system. This was due to the scientific activity of the Swiss French linguist Ferdinand de Saussure in the field of linguistics and the publication of his famous work "General Linguistics Course".</p> M.B. Kasimova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-26 2022-05-26 3 5 1245 1247 10.17605/OSF.IO/BV2PK ADVERTING TEXTS AND THEIR PHONETIC FEATURES https://wos.academiascience.org/index.php/wos/article/view/1687 <p>This article discusses importance of advertising texts in the field of linguistics its impact to the people’s mind and their language use, phonetic and stylistic features of advertising texts in English. The importance of taking into account psychological factors while using the language toolbox and their indirect but great enough influence on the effectiveness of the advertisement obtained is stressed.</p> Alieva Zimikhol Ashurkulovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-26 2022-05-26 3 5 1248 1255 10.17605/OSF.IO/NQBKA